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April 03, 2018: One week from today, after any chat(s)

Back on July 6, 2016, says the New York Post story that foxnews et al also carried, right-handed Godwin Boateng lost his right thumb when his BMW X5’s self closing door closed on his thumb and cut it off, and was not re-attachable. (The sort of a standard post-care treatment for re-attaching fingers demands the attachment of a medical leech to successfully re-attach it. This is because the arteries that carry the blood to the finger are big enough that a surgeon can sew them but the veines that draw the blood back to the body are so tiny that they cannot be attached. This is where the medical leech comes in. When the finger becomes huge and purple due to the blood that’s going into the finger but with no way to get rid of the blood, the leech starts sucking out this excess blood, while also injecting an anti-coagulant to prevent the blood from congealing. This allows the finger to get the nutrients that it needs to heal the injury and re-attach the finger, including the tiny veins that soon find their proper connections on their own and this restores the blood flow. Since Godwin’s finger swelled-up, he didn’t get this sort of what looked like what should have been a standard post-operational finger re-attachment treatment for some reason.) For a right-handed person, that’s a huge handicap. That happened to my mother also, when she closed the door to a Toyota with her finger still on the body of the car, but aside from the inconvenience of having a finger stuck to the car door, nothing happened, because between the door and the body of the car are fitted with thick rubbery plastic or rubbery rubber lining that prevents rain from getting inside and nothing else. Either the BMW X5 doesn’t have a lining between the door and the body, or Godwin had very large thumbs. Or his self closing door gadget was defective as claimed in his lawsuit. The next time Godwin buys a car, he should remember that just because something is hugely expensive doesn’t mean that it must be better than a cheaper one. That also applies for anyone with a small child who was thinking of buying a BMW X5, unless it’s their intention to snap-off their child’s tiny hand, just for the hell of it.

The number of killings by Muslem of fellow English are huge, and the number of killings by Muslems in US is not large but still relatively large. In comparison, the killings by Muslems of fellow Canadians is not any, but the response of anti-Muslems who are killing Muslems is huge, relatively speaking. Canadians don’t seem to realize that just because someone is Muslem doesn’t mean that Muslems are all evil. They should know that, just as there are many ethnic Chinese but they’re not patriotic Chinese students and Chinese who have been very open about conquering Asia and dominating the world since 1982 when they revealed their plan for all the world to see. Similarly, it was the Muslem women who first began warning that the non-Muslem languages versions of the Koran preaches love and peace, but the Muslem languages versions preach death to non-Muslems. There are good people and there are bad people, and in history books, whomever sided with the winner is the good people, since they write the history books. Just ask the Koreans who always side with the winners as Steve Jobs of Apple found out.

Jacob Marx et al at North Carolina State University and US Army Aviation Applied Technology Directorate are reporting “A study on blast and fragment resistance of composite metal foams through experimental and modeling approaches” in the latest issue of Composite Structures (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2018.03.075 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2018.03.075 that stanless steel composite metal foam or CMF can block 5000 feet per second shrapnel -- almost 3,500 miles a hour -- fragment or blast pressure from only 18 inches away or 45 centi-meter distance. Having gained this knowledge, watch all the amateur metal 3D printer owners try making various porous aluminum and steel shields at various densities to see which offers the best protection to their clients who buy them for various purposes. The future of urban warfare will involve a lot of offensive weapons and such shields or armored clothings.

Sometime, things get lost in translation. Like that US ambassador who went to Japan and said “Hi boys, I’m the new guy in town. Shoot.” And that got translated into “Kill me!” which is the second alternative correct translation for “shoot”. Then there’s the report a couple of weeks ago about a Japanese politician who said “I’ll kill you!”, except he was using a Japanese expression such as “koroshite yaru”. There’s no ‘I’ or “you” in that expression but they are implied. The other side of the coin is “korose” which is translatable as “kill me”, although it’s actually a command to kill someone or something but there’s no word in it that means kill the person who said it. But hey there, don’t take it literally, no more than “kill the light” means you’re supposed to shoot or stab a lamp, or “over my dead body” means you’re supposed to kill the person who said it. Most people around the world know that they’re all expressions that are not meant to be taken literally, but oh, US. There’s a tendency to believe that every dinosaur, every space man, every robot understands American-English when you say it loud enough and slow enough with the right to shoot when the dinosaur, space man, or robot doesn’t do as told. Anyone looking for an excuse to escalate a situation can do a lot of harm by simply going to US to dare people to cross a line. With the Pentagon admitting that there are flying saucers, it’s implying space people, and that means that in a country where everyone has the right to bear arm, if and when space people start walking on the streets as tourists, US is likely where there will be slaughters, of humans, since they have better defenses and means to retaliate, and everyone gets slaughtered, if all humans look alike to them.

Ramon Paniagua-Domínguez et al at A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology, and Research) and Nanyang Technological University -- both Singapore, not China -- are reporting a huge improvement in the tiny meta-lens with the paper “A Metalens with a Near-Unity Numerical Aperture” in the journal Nano Letters 18, pages 2124 – 2132 (2018). DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00368 or https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00368 which means collecting light from the widest possible angle, even one single photon collection and detection. With numerical aperture of 0.95 as with the previous record, the maximum collection angle was 72 degrees. At almost 1.0, it’s very close to 90 degrees angle, although this meta-lens is 0.99 which means angle of 82 degrees, since the sine function applies. Using this meta-lens, they looked at defects on diamond nano-crystals and other tiny applications due to the difficulty in making pure isotopic meta-lenses, but once that’s achieved, submarines can see what’s out there in pitch darkness with ambient light instead of only sonic image converted into visual image, and space telescopes will be able to detect the slightest photon emissions, but that’s a long way off in the future.

On April 03, 2018 (There are two stories for today. One is huge, but also science fiction, or science fiction-like. The other isn't huge but science fact.)

2014: Have you ever seen this story at http://exopolitics.org/exonews-tv-super-soldiers-operation-moon-shadow/ that was purportedly written by Michael Salla on this chat date. It's the story purportedly told by Captain K, or Captain Kaye, or Captain Randy Cramer -- you remember him; he's tall, looks like, talks like, and moves like six feet eight inches tall Richard Moll of Pasadena, California who is best known as Bull in the sitcom "Night Court". At age five, he was among 300 children, boys and girls, who were purporteedly made to join US Marine Corps to become super soldiers for Operation Moon Shadow. By age 13, he was allowed to start using live weapons. It was followed by other tales such as http://exopolitics.org/mars-whistleblower-reveals-more-of-his-covert-military-service/ from February 7, 2015 which stated that Randy was given permission from his superiors to reveal what he underwent. His military mission was to protect the northern Martian colony on Mars whose air is breathable, though slightly thin. (Considering the thinness of Martian air at 0.7% Earth sea-level, which is so thin that you can see the stars in the day sky, they had to be crazies, just like 1956 when the "Nihon Uchuu Ryokou Kyoukai" [Japan space travel association] began soliciting the Japanese to purchase 100,000 tsubo or 330,000 square meters of land each on Mars that 1,800 signed-up in two months, including mystery writer Ranpou Edogawa [1894 - 1965].) Landing at Aries Primus, he was taken to his home for the next 17 years at Station Zebra that existed since the 1960's. Is he for real? Who can say. All that can be said it that the Martian atmosphere isn't red as NASA rover photographs claim. After all, it takes a very thick atmosphere to bend red light from the Sun to turn it red. That's why Earth's sky only looks red at dawn and dusk, when the sunlight passes at an angle through a thicker layer of air that's filled with dust. (It was reported by regular science news that the Martian atmosphere contains iron and magnesium, but those are in exceptionally small trace quantities that won't cause the air to appear red.) This led some people who were rummaging through Mars rover photographs to color correct by adjusting to the real colors of the rover and finding the sky to appear more a lighter Earth sky color that's comparable to not 0.7% Earth atmosphere color, but more like 0.7 Earth atmosphere. But this led to the revelation of what looked like animal fossils and recto-linear lines outlining building foundations and big tiles which led some skeptics to charge NASA with having no actual Mars rovers, and that they're actually in northern Canada or Iceland. The problem is that there's no blowing snow or rain in the rover photographs which do happen in Canada and Iceland. As well, some fossils appear to be human or humanoid -- the surviving shapes are not Homo sapiens bones but they do look bipedal with two hind limbs for upright locomotion. Some UFO conspiracy theorists showed images that looked like helmet and an Earth-type gun among other shapes. If the photographs were taken in Canada or iceland, the corresponding police forces would have investigated to find out how old the fossils are to find out if they died recently. Naturally, recto-linear lines, tile shapes, bone-like objects, and other things can individually be explained as optical illusions because the human mind likes to organize random shapes into familiar objects. But it's the collective evidences of so many unnatural shapes that's ringing alarm bells. If the were photographed in northern Canada or Iceland, you can travel for miles and miles, especially in northern Canada without encountering anyone, or anything artificial. You won't encounter so many artificial objects and fossil like objects in so short a time in a short distance of travel. Iceland? You may encounter artificial objects, but not debris fields. The rover photographs look like debris fields after something blew-up and destroyed a once bustling huge city. Randy is talking a lot of nonesense, but his claim that Mars has breatheable atmosphere and that it's colonized does fit with NASA's rover photographic evidences, if they are truly photographs taken on the surface of Mars. Let's go back to this babbling Randy's science fiction story in http://exopolitics.org/mars-defense-force-defending-human-colonies-interview-transcript/ which is supposedly written on July 2, 2015. He was on Mars for 17 years because he was originally at the Moon base to sign papers pledging to serve for 20 years from 1987 to 2007 and went to Mars to protect five civilian human populations from Martians which consisted of reptilians and insectoids who use big spiders. The tall white Martians who originally lived on Mars and who now mainly live underground are not hostiles. They look like the white Martians depicted on television "The Flash" and "Supergirl", except they're not evil, fragile, have a bit of blond(e) hair, and fear humans as brawny unpredictable gorillas, the way humans fear gorillas as brawny and unpredictable. Randy's comment that Martian air is thin and cold but breatheable is the sort of air that's suitable for Elon Musk's Martian colonists whom are literally being pushed to Mars to make a million strong colony in a few decades time. If Mars air is as cold as frozen carbon dioxide and is spacey thin, you don't want to send a million people, let alone even a hundred. Elon has to be a mad man who is somehow fooling a lot of people to their deaths who die in space because surely they can't go to far-away Mars, which has no air, water, or even soil to grow food. Fortunately, NASA is slowly reporting that Mars is warming-up over the decades, as if it's coming out of an Ice Age, and is also reporting that algae, diatoms, and many other Earth life forms can survive in outer space, so surely they can survive on Mars. Elon's view of survivability on Mars is converging with NASA's report of Mars climate and water ice supply, and Randy's report on life on Mars at the same time. The only difference is that Randy insists that Mars sky and land are red from iron oxide. (Since iron is heavier than silicon, magnesium, and other lighter elements, it should have sunk to the core, not spread around on the surface and in the air. Unless the white Martians had mined it and smelted it to make buildings that are now oxidized and rusted-away, just like the "iron sand" around ancient Japan. As well, if everything is red, then the human eye becomes desensitized to red and sensitized to green and blue among other colors to balance the colors to see white light. That's why a photograph taken under a fluorescent light appears blue, but you saw pink skin color because your eye compensated for the blue light.) It's pure science fiction, but a fun science fiction. The only people on Earth who believe Randy's silly stories appear to be the Japanese, and specifically Hitachi, whose long-running television show "Hitachi Sekai Fushigi Hakken" or "Hitachi Discovery of the Mysteries of the World" talks as a giving that ancient people used advanced machines and people go to Mars for profit. Aside from that strange belief, this show remains rational and scientifically minded. Was Randy just as mad as Elon? We'll known the answer in a few years when Elon starts pushing people to Mars, or at least claims to be colonizing Mars. We know that China is acting weird ever since they sent a lunar orbiter and a rover, because they're keeping quiet and their photographs of the lunar surface at different days have the shadow coming from the same direction. They're also not publishing their photographs of the back side of the Moon. Ok, some are published, but Chinese surfers charge their own government with showing old photographs that NASA took. Either the Chinese made a huge blunder and their lunar missions were abysmal failures that they don't want to admit -- their Earth orbiting station was a huge blunder but they admitted as much -- or what UFO conspiracy theorists are saying is true; that the Chinese found huge buildings on the back side of the Moon as Randy, Ed Cameron, Penny Bradley, and others are all claiming. Since all the UFO conspiracy theorists are actually patriotic US siding flag wavers who fear that US will kill them for revealing all of this, if China did discover all the big buildings, then China would be daring US to reveal what US really has, by militarily provoking US with war-that's-not-war provocations. The claim is that the back of the Moon has humans and non-humans. If the humans are not US humans, then what are they? Russians? Causasian human shaped extra-terrestrial aliens? Wouldn't the Chinese want to know. Unfortunately, they're suppressing and killing the Tibetans, the first humans to practice remote viewing on a mass scale, so the Tibetans aren't in favor of teaching the Chinese how to remote view. Randy says the Chinese were in-on-it from the beginning. Were they? Who can say if Randy is being truthful, or even if this story itself is trying to be truthful or twisting a few things out of the way. One of these days, when all of this is revealed to be science fiction, or science fact, someone is going to make a big story or a comic story that's going to be made into a long-running animation. It will likely be a Japanese animation, since Randy, Penny, and others tell a tale that includes sex that puritanical US doesn't permit.

2017: The news out of Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics on this date discusses the space weather on the exo-planet Proxima Cen b orbiting the M dwarf star Proxima Centauri. The star closest to the Solar System is Alpha Centauri, which is a trinary star System with a binary star system called Alpha Centauri AB and a third M class dwarf star called Proxima Centauri. Proxima Centauri was found to have at least one planet with about 1.3 Earth-mass or greater. Depending on the orbital plane relative to Earth, it might be much bigger than Earth. The reason for the fascination with this exo-planet is that it's in the Goldilock orbit, just warm enough to the 0.1 solar-mass and 0.001 solar luminosity dwarf star to have liquid water. Although M dwarfs are likely to have exo-planets, M dwarfs emit an excess amount of ultra-violet and X-ray that can not only destroy an atmosphere but destroy life. Naturally, Mercury is very close to the Sun but the Sun's own radiation induces local magnetic field on Mercury which locally parotects Mercury, and Venus is close to the Sun but has an extremely thick atmosphere. In other words, distance and level of ionizing radiation is no indication of life or life-lessness. There's also no indication as to how many exo-planets circle this dwarf star. As well, dwarf stars are usually magnetic stars, which induce powerful magnetic field on rocky exo-planets with an iron core which should protect the exo-planet's atmosphere. Even if this exo-planet has no life, there may be many more exo-planets which have life, because even Earth life is very persistent and survives under extremely harsh ionizing radiation. Any complex life that evolved from black mold or other radiation hard micro-organism may even obtain its energy from ionizing radiation and regard Earth as uninhabitable, due to lack of ionizing radiation striking the planet's surface.

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Hitachi is booking a huge 65 billion yen loss, roughly $650 million, because it's withdrawing from the Wilmington laser based instant uranium enrichment plant. There's nothing wrong with the technology, but because nuclear power per se has become unpopular, they decided to withdraw from it. Hitachi is negotiating with Silex Systems Limited of Australia to see what they can get from it. The process could have been expanded to extract not only uranium-235 but plutonium-238 (Not the plutonium-239 that's used to make a fission bomb, but an alpha particle producer for powering space probes beyond Mars where the sunlight is too weak. The heat that's not converted into electricity by the thermo-electric unit is also essential for keeping the instruments from becoming too cold. There are also many other radio-isotopes that are used for medical treatments, but it looks like this is the end of this extra-terrestrial type technology.

On April 03, 2017 (What have you learned yesterday? If you believe in conspiracy theorists, then current Earth is in the same closed policy that led Japan to close its door to the outside for fear of being invaded. This time, it's US that fears that Earth will be invaded and closed Earth to extra-terrestrials who want to open Earth with their own equivalents of Commodore Matthew Perry. Earth will have its own short period when some think that extra-terrestrials must be pushed back and those that want to continue what US military is doing. After some conflicts, Earth will make rapid progress with everyone knowing how to use their technologies. Yet there are always those that saw Japan and now see Earth as a threat that must be destroyed for their own survival, and that will eventually lead to the attempt to wipe-out all Japanese back then, and all Earthlings now. Japan sprung back, and Earth will also spring back, but there are so many unknown factors to consider. For example, Japan didn't know that Europeans keep fighting for a century or longer after having signed the peace treaty back then. How gullible is US military when it comes to fighting extra-terrestrials? Look at it this way; a century is beyond the life-span of a human and encompasses three to four generations of military actions. If an extra-terrestrial who lives for 30,000 years wage similar wars, then long after US military thought that it won, they may still be waging war for 100,000 years. Laser and atom bomb wars? Genetic Wars? There are many ways to keep pursuing a war, and Earthlings may not realize that Earthlings are no longer Earthlings after 100,000 more years which is enough time for humans that humans think that humans had naturally evolved into giants with two sets of teeth or lizard faced. Or that the human gene that makes humans believe in a divinity can also be manipulated into a retro-virus gene that produces hatred against authority, rebellion against your own kind, and anything else that they choose.

Anyway, the story for today was originally meant to be on Canadian UFO abductee Corina Saebels who thought that her family was being medically experimented by inter-dimensional creatures. But since it was already a Discovery Channel episode, it was canceled. Strictly speaking, the ones doing the experiments weren't dimensional. They simply used out-of-phase light that allowed them to pass through walls. US military figured out how to prevent them from doing that almost half-a-century ago and that's how they can keep them imprisoned. Earth doesn't yet know how to make the impossible electro-magnetic drive work efficiently, nor how to shine that light on a mineral ore and extract only that one particular element or isotope of that element. [November 04, 2016 story mentioned the open pit uranium mine west of Karnes City in Texas owned by Conoco Oil Company and using Caterpillar 657B earth movers in 1971 when a flying saucer came, shone light for a few minutes, and the radioactive ore had turned non-radioactive and the brown color had turned white in a circle of 250 feet in diameter. It's just another in a series of UFO stories, but the small Hitachi-GE plant in Wilmington also has the ability to easily extract one isotope of one element in an instant also, after it's gasified. These extra-terrestrials have the out of phase light, so there's no need to use that step. It also means that those giant mining machines that are mentioned on the Moon aren't make by such extra-terrestrials because they don't need huge mining machines. Conversely, the Anunnakis who originally came to Earth didn't have this technology either, back then, which is why they resorted to their knowledge of genetics to make a giant who is 80% their genes and 20% Earth simian to do the laborious task of mining the gold, after implanting the gene that makes them believe in a "god" whom they will obediently do as commanded.])

2008: This date on-line report in the Current Biology reported that nocturnally migrating moths don't simply fly high above the sky at night and go wherever the winds takes them. Moths only migrate when the winds are blowing to the south and choose the altitude that will give them the fastest winds and compensating when the wind blows off their destination in a wind drift. This allowed 200 million Silver Y moths above Britain to fly 50 kilo-meters per hour and cover 300 kilo-meters per night which allows them to reach their over-wintering regions in a few nights. Those are good, but there's a huge problem with armyworms in Africa at the moment, as announced in early February 2017 by the Center for Agriculture and Bioscience International (CABI) that's destroying the African maize crop. The armyworm is actually the caterpillar of a moth that's not picky about what to eat and which burrow inside the plant, so that by the time you realize that the crop plant is infected, it's already dying. Originally a pest in the American continents, it's spreading rapidly in African and may just as easily spread in Asia and the Mediterranean. In Africa, maize/corn is 70% of the cereal production in southern Africa and also causes damage to other crops such as rice and soybean which is the major carbohydrate and protein sources in Asia. It also eats cotton which is a major cash crop in India and China. A sex hormone attractant and trap may eventually be developed, but everything else about the behavior of a moth need to be studied to stop its spread as quickly as possible, or the economic devastating can be huge. Already the Syrian problem is reverting into the local problem that it used to be before US butted its finger into it, but South Sudan is flaring as refugees start fleeing the conflict, that US started, as always. This moth has the potential to by-pass relying on US as the ignitor of yet another exodus to Europe. US won't be getting them because Donald J. Trump already signaled that US does not regard dark-skinned and unskilled people as welcome, but the immigrant friendly European countries are inviting them despite the renewal of terrorist activities that's weaponizing them. Yet if this new plague of moths ravage the Mediterranean countries, then the threat of self-survival will cause them to blame the refugees which will result in chaos and starvation. It will be like the Irish potato famine, except this moth can affect the whole of Europe and Asia. If you believe in the conspiracy theorists, the Christian Bible, which is nothing but an abbreviation of the Sumerian text had already predicted that this will happen, every 3,600 years or so, when Earth is visited by Nibiru that triggers plagues, famine, and everything that leads to the end of human civilization. Individual humans will survive, but without the accumulated knowledge that makes civilization possible, it's back to the drawing board. Gravity machines can't save humans from moths. The knowledge of sex hormone production and equipments to make it need to be preserved, along with antibiotics, anti-fungals, and others if civilization as you know it and came to expect is to continue.

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On April 03, 2016 (The Japanese Deputy Foreign Minister Shinsuke Sugiyama is at a session of the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in Geneva, Switzerland. The 2016 event is on discrimination against women involving Japan, where the Shinzou Abe administration is trying to force equal pay for equal work -- mind you, that doesn't happen anywhere in the world, including Hollywood in US, where male actors always earn far more than women as you may have read about in the news. Shinsuke is defending his boss' policy while also providing more proof that the forcible kidnapping of Korean women to work as comfort women is nothing but a big lie. It all started with Seiji Yoshida who began writing a book about it while telling his children that he's going to become really rich with it that the national Asahi newspaper serialized. Asahi is Japan's yellow journalist that often write sensational fabricated stories, such as the Japanese workers at the crippled Fukushima nuclear power complex fleeing the site in sheer terror, when in fact they all obeyed orders to fight to prevent the situation from becoming worse. Those who retreated did so under order, not because they fled as correctly reported by the other Japanese newspapers. All that the Japanese found backs up what the Korean soldiers who fought for Japan during the Pacific War kept saying all along, as did the Korean diaries, old Korean newspaper, and others from that era that the Koreans wrote. As noted, when a Japanese fact-finder went to the Jeju Island to ask the islanders if they knew of the comfort women, they all said they didn't. But it was in the South Korean government's interest to deflect history in favor of what they themselves did to the Korean civilians of Jeju Island.)

1948: This is the beginning of the Jeju Uprising, when the Koreans in the Korean province of Jeju Island rebelled against their South Korean government till May 1949 when the South Korean police force massacred them. What triggered it? There are speculative explanations, but so much of it was suppressed by the South Korean government for so long, that nothing is certain. Was the South Korean government justified in the killing of men, women, and their children out of fear that they were going to fight for the North Koreans? (In hindsight, no. Long before Steve Jobs of Apple said Koreans are back-stabbing liars, US analysts determined that North Korea won't attack before the end of 1950 or beginning of 1951 because they didn't know anything about South Korea and they'll have a good idea when North Korea will invade because of their information gathering activities, but the North Koreans simply kidnapped all the border dwelling South Korean city/town/village women and children and ordered its men and older boys to fight for them. Since they knew where the supplies are, back passageways, where South Korean garrisons are stationed, and other knowledge, they quickly conquered South Korea. The South Korean strategists should have known about it, because this is how Koreans behave. On the other hand, the North Korean strategists are just as brilliant as South Korean and US government are simpletons. Although they did fail and had to flee to China in the Korean War, where Mao came to their support to protect China's own sovereignty, North Korea learned a lesson from that failure and now makes atom bombs and hydrogen bombs to prevent US from interferring ever again.) How much speculations are allowed? The actual numbers may be exaggerated or suppressed, depending on the involved side. Let us start at the end of the World War, when US bombed Japan but not Korea, including the industrial complexes that Japan had transplanted to northern Korea which fell into the hands of a small band of Communists under Russian control and the border was agreed at the 38th parallel. If you've been seeing "Marvel's Agent Carter" which replaced the second half season of "Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D." you know the cold war situation between US and Russia, not that much different from the way US and Russia of the 21st century are looking at Syria. Back then, Russia owned half of Germany and wanted similar deals with Vietnam and Korea. By the end of 1945 when US and Russia couldn't work-out a deal on how to administer Korea, the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea (UNTCOK) passed the UN Resolution 112 on November 14, 1947 in which the people of Korea will decided whether to live united or separated into two Koreas in a general election to be held on May 10, 1948. Koreans have a strong sense of unity and solidarity to back-up each other no matter what they did, so it looked as if US will get its wish and there will be one united Korea that Russia rejected, so UNTCOK decided to hold a general election for the southern half of Korea, and Russia decided to hold it for the northern half on August 25, 1948. That suited US and Russia but not the solidarity minded Koreans. The South Korean Labor Party (SKLP) that's affiliated to the North Korean Communist Party of Korea wanted a protest on Jeju on March 1, 1947 against this partitioning of Korea in half. Since 20% of the 300,000 strong islanders of Jeju in the southern Korea are SKLP members, they also came-out to protest at the thought that their relatives in the northern half will become strangers. One child died, it was said, when the South Korean police fired on the crowd. Maybe the child died in an accident or there were more deaths, but the crowd believed that a child died and the police killed the child, and what they believed was ingrained into their minds as an actual event. On March 8, 1947, a crowd formed where the SKLP members who participated in that previous protest were incarcerated. A few more demonstraters were said to be killed when they rushed the prison and the panicked police fired in self-defense. When the South Korean government responded by sending hundreds more people to control the demonstraters, rather than holding an inquiry about the killings, their position also hardened. By January 1948, SKLP leader Pak Hon Yong began advocating violent demonstrations against the May 10, 1948 election. So why was this chat date designated as the date that the rebellion began? There are theories but no one knows any verifiable fact to back-up their speculation. Whatever the significance of this date, it's said that under the leadership of leader Kim Dal-sam, 500 SKLP members and up to 3,000 sympathizers on the Island attacked the 24 police stations and killed 30 officers. Despite the killings, attempts to negotiate a peaceful resolution did not come, because the South Korean military wanted the SKLP to disarm, but the SKLP wanted the police and military to disarm, and a united Korea. Unable to come to any agreement, they continued to fight long past the southern election date, and then the northern election. South Korea's new president, Syngman Rhee, sent soldiers to suppress them, but the soldiers didn't want to kill fellow Koreans. Although the military was hesitant about using violence, the police who reported had 30 fellow officers killed by the islanders took revenge, by killing men and raping women before killing them. It's said that these acts of violence may have been very effective, because by the end of 1948, those who wanted to rebel by killing were significantly reduced. On the New Year 1949, those rebels decided to have their final battle, but the police drove them away to the mountains. Up till then, it was rebellion based on a desire for justice, making it no more different from the cold-blooded killing of African-American 15 years old Latasha for theft of an orange drink by Los Angeles Korean store owner Soon Ja Du with a powerful .38 caliber gun at point-blank in the back of the head that resulted in her charged with voluntary manslaughter on March 26, 1991 and found guilty on October 11, 1991 that led to the November 15, 1991 sentencing by Compton Superior Court Judge Joyce Karlin to a $500 fine, 400 hours community service and paying Latasha's funeral that ignited a race riot against all Korean stores. US military who came to the Island didn't speak Korean that's necesary to interview the islanders, so they simply declared this as a Communist rebellion, and that led South Korea to send more soldiers, who were told that this isn't a demonstration by fellow South Koreans, but a North Korean rebellion in the South. That led to more brutal suppression by killing them. After the last major head of SKLP, Yi Tuk-ku, was killed on August 17, 1949, the rest broke-apart. How many were killed? 14,000? 30,000? It's all speculation but it's said to be somewhere in that range. Up to 40,000 islanders fled to Japan, and this number is more certain because there is no double and triple counting of the same death, and because unlike the Chinese who prefer to melt into the Japanese society, the Koreans like to stand out and be distinct like the Muslems in a Christian society. The South Korean government suppressed reports of this event, and by mid-1950 when North Korea attacked, this event became forgotten, almost. Anyone who mentioned it was arrested and tortured. A few, such as Kim Sok Pom who was born on October 2, 1925, in Osaka, Japan, but whose parents were among those who used to live on this Island heard what happened from those who experienced it and wrote about it in Japanese. It won't be until October 2003 that South Korean president Roh Moo Hyun apologized. It was followed in March 2009 by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, copied behind the South African commission, said 14,373 died, mainly committed by the police and military but also significantly by the islanders. Still, when Kim Sok Pok tried to have his Japanese book on the subject translated into Korean and then travel to South Korea, he was denied. Speculations abound on why he was denied, but as with everything else, it's all hearsay speculations.

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On April 03, 2015 (Normally, the comment that's mentioned here is placed after the story below is written, but shortly after this was written, it turned out that 70,000 years ago, a very dim brown dwarf star called Scholz's Star -- named after astronomer Ralf-Dieter Scholz of the Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik Potsdam in Germany -- had passed through the solar system's Oort Cloud, passing only 52,000 astronomical units away from the inner solar system, or eight trillion kilo-meters, or 0.8 light years away. Scholz's Star is now 20 light years away in the constellation of Monoceros, but radial velocity measurements indicated that this Star is moving almost directly away from the solar system. By measuring the spectrum of this faint Star, as well as its tangential velocity and radial velocity, a group of astronomers figured out with 98% certainty that this Star had passed through or near the outer reaches of the Oort Cloud. Had it passed through the inner part of the Oort Cloud, it would have sent many comets or even planetoids hurtling toward the inner solar system. Most of them would have been mopped-up by Jupiter's great gravity, but it only takes one comet 100 kilo-meters in diameter to destroy life on Earth, 70,000 years ago, when humans didn't yet have nuclear missiles to deflect comets. In fact, this is actually a binary star system with 0.08 solar mass and 0.06 solar mass that's orbiting around a common center of gravity, so if it had come in contact with the Oort Cloud while they were orbiting each other at the right time, it may have done a great deal of harm. Or, if you believe that extra-terrestrials had planted those metal cylinders in the Valley of the Dead in Russia with nuclear missiles to protect Earth, maybe they were observing Earth before 70,000 years ago and saw that this star system will strike Earth, and guided it to veer course to the perimeter of the Oort Clouds? Why? Maybe they're spreading their type of life-forms around the universe and protecting their investments? Milton Wainwright et al of the University of Buckingham Center for Astrobiology and University of Sheffield in Britain claim that they sent balloons 27 kilo-meters up into the stratosphere and found small objects no wider than a human hair, but obviously artificial, because it's made of titanium and trace amount of vanadium metal, which contain biological gooey stuff inside and filamental life outside. Yet, just becauseit's made of titanium doesn't mean that it must be extra-terrestrial. Big Earth life-forms also encase themselves in iron and cobalt -- cobalt carbonyl, which is reduced to cobalt -- and bacterial lifes encase themselves in gold. So what if there are Earth bacterial life-forms that encase themselves in titanium? It's not unimagineable, but a simple extrapolation of other Earth life-forms that encase themselves in metal. But if it can be proven to be extra-terrestrial, well, no they can't, because bacteria can live in outer space, don't they? Even regular and dainty algae and fungii were found on the outer skin of the International Space Station, so they don't need a metal armor to survive.)

Happy birthday to 1841: Hermann Carl Vogel, German astronomer who used photographic spectrophotometry to find the Doppler shift of the spectral bands that can detect spectroscopic binary stars to show that many stars are not just single stars. Hermann was born as the sixth child to theologian-educator-principal father Johann Carl Christoph Vogel in the city of Leipzig in the kingdom of Saxony which is now part of a German province, because this is shortly before they united into one German country. He started public education at a gymnasium in Leipzig as his primary school where his father was the principal. (Gymnasium is now regarded as a preparation school that's between a high school and university where pupils are given training to become fit to study at a university, but, that's now. Back then in smaller German cities, it also served as primary school. A prep school actually has two lines of options; a shorter length stay for those entering university, and a longer one for those entering the work-force as a builder, welder, and other craftsmen and such for whom it serves as a sort of junior college. If you take the shorter one, you'll be learning a lot of something called humanities and whatnots, whatever that is, since I took them and I don't know what it is. As far as I was concerned, philosophy, topography, geology, and everything else was same, nothing that stood out as different. My only shock was that there's no "home class" with a teacher who takes attendance.) Hermann was exposed to much science at home because his father was often visited by friends and acquaintances who were the luminaries of his era and place such as Robert Bunsen and Alexander von Humboldt. He then went to the Polytechnical School in the city of Dresden, before he enrolled in natural science at the Universit of Leipzig in 1863. By 1865, he was an astronomical assistant at the Leipzig Observatory before he went for his Ph.D. at the University of Jena which he graduated in 1870 when he was the director of the Bothkamp Observatory by recommendation from astronomer Karl Christian Bruhns to whom he was an assistant and his professor Johann Karl Friedrich Zoellner. Here he and his school chum Wilhelm Oswald Lohse (1845 - 1915) began taking photographic images of the spectrum of stars by 1871 when they also found the Sun's rotational period by the Doppler effect of shifted wavelength. To a person who doesn't know what those lines on the spectrum means, it's of no use, but to a person who knows what elements those lines represent, seeing those familiar lines shifted even slightly to the blue or the red side of the spectrum is noticeable. By 1874, he was working at the new Astrophysical Observatory in Potsdam. (AOP) By 1882, he was the director of AOP till his retirement in 1907. By 1888, he and Julius Scheiner were producing such accurate spectral wavelength shift readings that it was made into a paper, "The Determination of Radial Velocities of Stars by Spectrographic Observation". Many others had tried photographic spectroscopy, but he was the first to determine how to do so accurate-enough that he can determine the radial velocities of stars. When he looked at Algol in 1889, he noticed that sometime the lines are shifted to the red side and sometime to the blue side in a rhythmical pattern indicating that it was coming and going. Although Algol was thought to be a single star, he correctly concluded that Algol was a binary star system that was circling each other around a common center of gravity, and hence became the first binary star system to be detected as spectroscopic binaries. As he became sicker and sicker, he became a recluse who played a big organ and died at Potsdam on August 13, 1907. (mybookshop already said that everyone from monks to dolphins use pure wave sounds to kill pathogens, so he realized that he felt a bit better when he played the organ but couldn't understand why, or that he has to play the same wavelength that makes him feel good, rather than playing music with all the useless wavelengths of sounds.) Although he didn't show many stars to be binary, others carried on his work to discover that the solar system is an odd-ball with only one star, because most stars out there are binary, although even conventional astronomers realized that Jupiter is big-enough to be a failed star. What is even odder is that in many cases, one of the stars in a binary may be a blue star which conventional theory on star formation states to be a new star, while the other star is a dwarf star that conventional theory states to be a very old star. If there was a very old star, then that old star should have swept all matter around it to itself or pushed it away with stellar winds to prevent another star from forming so close that they are gravitationally locked. Yet, they ignore the obvious, that the neutron star blew-away its matter which coalesced into the blue star, and that means there are also planets, many of which have water and hence life.

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Pentagon's think tank on future warfare says China is waging "Three Warfare", consisting of psychological, media, and legal. An asymmetric military technology on top of the conventional and nuclear weapons to kick US military out of Asia as noted in a 566 pages long report which says US lacks effective tools for these non-kinetic warfare methods. ("non-kinetic", because it doesn't involve using physical objects with mass at your enemy.) What a bunch of ultra-morons. They should be called sink-tanks or stink-tanks. China has been waging it since 1982 when the vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, Liu Huaqing, announced the conquest of the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean, starting in 2000 to 2010 when it takes Okinawa, of which Senkaku Islands is its part, then Taiwan and the Philippines which is going according to plan, since all US pedophile writers and columnists are pressuring US Congress and departments to pressure Japan to give Senkaku to China, which allows China to concentrate on the next groups on its check-list of Taiwan and the Philippines which are both getting it, then Ogasawara when Japan is encircled, then Guam, Indonesia, and India. The original plan called for kicking US out of the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean by 2020 to 2040 that China thought was unattainable until the Lehman Brothers collapse led China to try to meet its hectic schedule time-table. Bye-bye Indians, Australians, New Zealanders, Hawaiians, and everyone else, because either they go out or become Chinese. If Japan didn't make the Izumo-class pre-aircraft carriers and other military moves to counter Chinese aggression, China could have kept to the original schedule time-table and kicked US out of Guam by now. But US State Department and other chained-dogs are doing their best to please their Chinese masters meet the schedule time-table, so who knows that will happen? Since a good chunk of Canadian provinces are already under Chinese control, how many US states are controlled by China which includes its servant South Korea? Five? 10? (Remember that Britain said all parts of South Korean government ranks are saturated with North Korean spies and sympathizers, which is why US won't let South Korea make a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant that can let South Korea make plutonium to give to North Korea to power its nuclear missiles, since a third of South Koreans believe that these inter-continental ballistic missiles that are designed to nuke US are meant to nuke Japan, wink-nudge. Half the South Koreans know that it's improbable, but once they began it, they have to continue doing it despite their doomed end. That's why they climb mountains under death-facing conditions, even though they know that it will end in their deaths, and why they have to help North Korea perfect the nuclear missiles for nuking US out of existence.)

China is really putting up a hugely hostile words on Malaysia, simply because a Malaysian airplane had an accident and two-third of the people aboard were Chinese. It's only an accident, but the Chinese are claiming that the Malaysians are killers unless they show the satellite images proving that it's an accident. Really? Malaysians do hate its Chinese population, and also the Indians, which was already written and will be appearing here in the coming weeks, but the hatred is economical, because the well-educated Chinese and Indians get all the good paying jobs. In fact, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak had already declared 2014 as the China-Malaysia Friendship Year when the rich Chinese are supposed to visit and spend lots of money. China is already Malaysia's biggest trading partner, and Malaysia is already China's biggest ASEAN rrading partner. Now it looks as though all of that will be lost, at least for 2014. But the biggest loser in all this will be the ethnic Chinese in Malaysia who had worked hard to build-up high-volume trade. Now they fear retaliatory punishment from China with boycotts, while the Malays and others in Malaysia will hate the ethnic Chinese because they look so much like the Chinese. The repercussions are huge, but only the Chinese are the losers, ethnic or otherwise.

On April 03, 2014 (Huge. Huge? Well, the person for today made a huge contribution for a small country of Belgium in the Low-Countries. His personal contribution in botany wasn't so much huge, as much as laying the infra-structure for encouraging botany and herbals. Along with the March 30, 2014 story on the 1908 birth of Nihachirou Hanamura who laid the Japanese business infra-structure for the business revival of post-War Japan, today's story is a person who helped construct botany in Belgium that China needs if it was to develop science to catch-up with US. If China can make huge contributions in biology, chemistry, electronics, physics, and even military science, then it adds to the world treasury of scientific knowledge base, and the world is better for it, even if it means US is de-clawed, the oceans' creatures are insider Chinese stomachs, and everyone has to speak Chinese to the Chinese masters. It is, after all, US fault for allowing it to happen.)

Happy birthday to 1797: Barthelemy-Charles Joseph Dumortier (Also "Du Mortier", since it means "of Mortier", just like al Qaeda and others.), who made the first complete list of Belgian flora in 1827 with the publication of "Belgian Flora". Barthelemy was born to city=councillor businessman Barthelemy-Francois Dumortier and mother Mariue-Jeanne Willaumez in the city of Tournai, 85 kilo-meters from Brussels in the southern French speaking region (A small group of people in the east speak German and has its own government.) in the current-Belgian province of Hainaut in the Wallonia region but it was part of the Netherlands from the 16th century until the Belgian Revolution of 1830. (This is before the birth of Leopold-Louis-Philippe-Marie-Victor [1835 - 1909], otherwise known as Belgian King Leopold II who depopulated Congo in Africa with the corkscrew-shaped hippopotamus hide whip and sucked all the wealth out to enrich Belgium while the population is only slowly recovering. Compared to that, the current Chinese pistol-whipping and sucking of wealth is lighter, although because the Chinese pollute the agricultural waters while taking the gold and destroying the sea-floor while stripping all life-forms from the seas, the ecological effect will be vastly longer lasting and Africa will not be recovering.) It's impossible to ignore the Revolution that brought about Industrial Revolution in Belgium, but Barthelemy in today's story was originally a botanist who published "Botanical Comments. Botanical Observa6tion (1823), "Observations on the Flora of Belgian Grasses" (1823), "Analysis of Plant Families with Indication of the Main Genres Attached to them" (1829), and others, although his "Belgian Flora" (1827) is the most famous. But it's not geographically correct, because what is now Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands was the Low Countries because they were at or below sea-level. Following the 80 Years War of 1568 to 1648, the Low Countries were called the northern United Provinces and the Southern Netherlands. The Southern Netherlands whose boundaries roughly corresponds to current Belgium was ruled by Austria or Spain. When the French Revolutionary Wars began in 1794 and Napoleon eventually conquered most of Europe, the Southern Netherlands went from the Austrian masters to Napoleon's rule until Napoleon was defeated in 1815 and it became part of Netherlands again. People here began clammering for independence, including Barthelemy in the early 1820's who wrote "Letters on the Manifesto of the King and the Grievances of the Nation" (1830), with grievance against the Netherlands' King William I (August 24, 1772 - December 12, 1843) whom the people said wasn't doing enough to give them jobs, and claims of mistreatment of the French-speaking Catholic Walloons by the Dutch-speaking (It's a very similar dialect of German) Netherlands. The Industrial Revolution also began in the Dutch-speaking north, centered around the city of Amsterdam which wanted free trade to ship their products to the neighbors, while the French-speaking south that produced grains wanted protective tariffs from the cheap grains from the Baltic. Then came the 1823 law to make Dutch the official language in the Flemish region of what is now Belgium, since most people in the region spoke Dutch, but this led to a riot from the French speakers, and it was abolished on June 4, 1830, but that wasn't the end of the riots because the people's mentality had shifted. (After Napoleon's defeat, the major powers of Europe, meaning Austria, Britain, Prussia, and Russia agreed to redraw the national borders back to the 1789 borders before Napoleon, and that meant French King Louis XVIII was back in power. But the French people had become accustomed to the freedom under Napoleon, and he signed the Fench Constitutional Charter that gave them more freedom than before but not as much as under Napoleon. He died at age 69 on September 16, 1824 and was taken over by his 66 years old brother Charles X on September 27, 1824. But Charles X imposed the death sentence on anyone who said anything against the Holy Communion, meaning when Jesus said this is my body, eat it, this is my blood drink it. The real Jesus may have ripped-off a bit of his flesh and blood but it was quickly changed to bread and wine when it was ritualized by Christians, just like the German custom of burying the living wife of a dead husband together, which was changed to burying the bread in the shape of the braided hair with the dead husband, in time. The far worse one was that anyone whose property was confiscated by the Bonapartists must be returned to the monarchist from whom it was taken. The majority of the people were ok with it, but a violent minority who would lose the properties that they gained arose in anger. Charles X imposed media censorship, and then dissolved the National Guard of Paris on April 30, 1830 who passed communications between the people and Charles X. He further cut-off the line of communication on July 25, 1830 with the July Ordinances that further strangled the Parliament that resulted in riot and then civil war. In the end, Charles X and his son abdicarted their rights to the throne and fled to Britain.) News of this success at ousting the French monarchy led to the August Uprising in the city of Brussels and the southern part of the Netherlands that separated and formed the new kingdom of Belgium. But it was the only one that succeeded, because revolts in Italy and Poland were successfully suppressed. (The same thing happened when Japan apparently won in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904 to 1945 that Japan thought it won in 1905 but not in the end in 1945, but it led to a revolution that brought-down the Czar in Russia and encouraged similar revolutions in all the whites-controlled Asian countries. It was also like the Arab Spring in Tunisia that gave rise to other overthrows in Egypt, Bahrain, Syria, and Libya. Syria ended in the worst mess with large numbers of deads and refugees. Similar revolt is now occurring in Thailand, and a religious war in Myanmar. If censorship breaks down in North Korea where the people finally learned that their decades of famine that they thought meant their children will be better-off was actually used to fund the nuclear missiles to strike US, if riots begin, it may collapse North Korea, which led China to strictly return North Korean refugees back to North Korea to prevent them from talking about their experience to South Korea and Japan, but those returned report that they're not treated badly, but it's too late. In March 2013, a three member United Nations Commission of Inquiry headed by an ex-Australian judge was setup for a year and they said North Korea is committing crimes against humanity by starving its population and wide-spread campaign of abduction of individuals from South Korea and Japan, which is now referred to the International Criminal Court in the Hague, although Russia and China will veto it; Russia did starve millions of Ukrainians to death and many more were on the verge of death for defying Russian rule, and China also killed 20 million to 50 million or even more Chinese to death and half-a-billion were on the verge of dying if not for eating human cadavers on a butcher's hook, so if they allowed the North Korean case to go to the Court, it encourages Ukrainians and surviving Chinese outside China to file cases.) Belgium succeeded its Belgian Revolution of 1830 and had its own king, Leopold I, on July 21, 1831. Following the December 20, 1830 London Conference of 1830, the major European powers recognized the Belgian Revolution and guaranteed Belgian independence, which resulted in the Belgian Constitution of February 7, 1831 which made the separation from the Netherlands official and legal. (But that wasn't the end; The Treaty of London was signed on April 19, 1839 by major European powers that included the Netherlands that recognized Belgium as an independent country that included half of Luxembourg and Limburg but the Dutch army refused to hand-over the large coal mines in the eastern half of Limburg. But it was a disaster for the new country of Belgium because so much cotton and other imported goods stopped entering and that led to unemployment and lower wages. This is a fate that awaits Scotland that hoped to separate from England in the 21st century but keep the cherished British pound that England refuses. For Belgium, the high unemployment was eliminated by Belgian King Leopold II, by conquering African colonies and tapping its rubber and other resources with African slave labor that enriched this new country that was on the verge of collapse. Congo became depopulated from the harsh rule and the population is still not recovered, but it enriched Belgium which got unimagineable wild riches, since who cares about the black skinned people? Certainly not the Chinese who are now over-running Africa.) Because of the political instability and unemployment and everything else in the newly created country of Belgium, Barthelemy became radicallized and a member of the parliament of the newly formed government of the newly formed kingdom in 1831 where he stayed till 1847. Then he ran the Brussels Botanic Garden till his death on July 9, 1878. However rich or precarious the Belgian financial state was, it won't be until 1885 to 1908 that Leopold II as the owner of the Congo Free State could extract all the wealth out to enrich Belgium. Since Leopold II won, he's remembered as a national hero, and people such as Barthelemy can be remembered for quaint things such as flora.

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$10.2 millions. That's the taxes and its interests and other fees that 72 years old African American former singer Dionne Warwick says she owes to the Internal Revenue Service and the California Franchise Tax Board. It's caused by negligent and financial mismanagement in the 1980's through 1990's which remained unresolved. Since she only earns $20,950 a month of which only $1,000 is from music royalties, she can't pay. Maybe she can try and see if anyone will hire her for a television commercial? Or sell autographed/dated memorabilia at $100 a pop? Her debt may be huge, but at least she seems to have her health, which is something that can't be said of 73 years old former actress Karen Black who is using the crowd-funding campaign on the website GoFundMe.com to earn enough money for a two months long cancer treatment in Europe. Her hope is to raise $17,000, and still needs almost $8,000. It's nothing compared to Dionne's problem, but it's still a huge obstacle for Karen who was parodied in an episode of the Family Guy television animation episode a few year ago. Was Karen paid for that, or can the super-successful producer of that show show some heart and open his wallet to help pay for her life? Well?

Retired Joseph Nagyvary who still does research at Texas A&M University found that Stradivari and Guarneri del Gesu violins produces vowels. The 'e' and 'I' were Italian vowels, but other vowels sounded English or French, as noted in the latest issue of the Savart Journal. He had Metropolitan Opera soprano Emily Pulley sing the vowels of European languages on a musical scale that she can sing on a soprano voice that he analyzed on a computer to prove it. Guarneri del Gesu violins now command the huge price of $10 million to $20 million, simply on the name, but this discovery allows the prices to be based on the tones that they make. It also allows current violin makers to make similar violins that make the same vowels but at a lower cost. Those Stradivari violins that sounded awful after they were supposedly repaired by ignorant fools who removed the seemingly randomly placed wooden pegs inside can now have their violins truly repaired by installing new borax and brine soaked pegs that replicate the same original sound. (Since the Japanese language is heavy on vowels as with all Polynesian languages, I've seen Japanese comedy sketch video clips in which they used such violins that "sing" seemingly human voices, at least when manipulated by a real musician. Aside from that ha-ha, it means that a computer with any audio generation hardware or even audio software can now re-create the most cherished and hitherto super-expensive violin sounds and improve it by tweeking the sounds to create every human voice, generating a violin-sound that speaks Russian or English or any other language on Earth and beyond.)

On April 03, 2013 (Britain is lashed by super-storms, snow-storms, super-floods, desert heat, and everything else for a year or so as a result of the global warming that's changing the Gulf Stream's direction left and right, as well as the air streams that are becoming chaotic. But that was already mentioned. Then there's New England, meaning the north-eastern coastal region of continental US which is digging itself out of yet another snow. The snow that the people are digging out on February 9, 2013 was called "epic snow" with up to 90 centi-meters of snow and 120 kilo-meters a hour or 33 meters per second wind in Massachusetts and 510,000 homes and businesses without power. Despite the tolls that it caused, weather forecasters thought it's worse, and it's not as bad as the Blizzard of 1978. Some people claim that because it snowed so much, that's the proof that there's no global warming, but look at it this way; this snow and cold should have stayed in the Arctic Circle where it belongs. The warmth that the North-Easterners had expected went north to melt the Arctic snow and the previously-frozen tundra. With the snow and ice melting from the Arctic and Antarctic Circles, the lands beneath the ice and snow are bouncing up to make the oceans encroach far faster than anyone believed possible. Without that frozen ground and ice, the continental plates aren't nailed-down and are allowing the tectonic plates around them to move faster and freely, and that's why magnitude 9.0 earthquakes which were supposed to be so rare are becoming a biannual event, just like El Nino that used to happen at most once in a person's life-time, which is becoming a biannual event. There's only one simple solution to the current global warming problem, and that's to kill most humans to stop the increasing greenhouse gas emissions. The next best thing is to outlaw the burning of natural gas, oil, wood, peat, coal, and anything else that contains carbon that includes domesticated herbivores such as sheep and cattle, and switch to safe and semi-everlasting thorium molten-salt reactors. But just as the Australians are killing the whales with their methane belching sheeps and cattles that contribute to the global warming, the Japanese are enhancing the greenhouse gas emissions by turning-off almost all of its nuclear reactors and switching to natural gas. Humans are acting like pathogens in your body; excessive number of pathogens will kill your body, but they plan to kill your body anyway. You're killing Earth, but there's no other body to move to, forcing Earth itself to activate its immune system by erupting volcanoes that spew sulfer dioxide and carbon dioxide to turn the oceans and rivers into acid in the hope of killing its pathogens, you.

There's a definition that you must know before you can understand the story for today. One atmosphere of pressure is equivalent to about 1.01325 bar or 1,013.25 milli-bars or 1,013.25 hectopascals -- hPa -- or 101,325 pascals. One atmosphere is also 14.696 pounds per square inch.

Also the definition of a bomb cyclone. It's not the Bermuda Triangle, but in the north-western part of the Atlantic Ocean where sudden storms appeared and sank ships with 74 miles per hour or 119 kilo-meters per hour winds, which is a F1 scale wind that Tetsuya Fujita originally introduced in 1971 and then retro-actively rated to all significant tornadoes back to 1880. Despite the name, a bomb cyclone is comparable to a hurricane which affects a large area, not a tornado which is small and contains swirling wind -- a bomb cyclone often has an "eye" but it's not always visible from a satellite. Unlike a hurricane/typhoon which forms in warm water and need warm air, a bomb cyclone need cold air and front of winter of north-western Atlantic Ocean, north-western Pacific Ocean, and sometime even the Mediterranean Sea. So where does the bomb cyclone gets its energy? A hurricane/typhoon is destroyed if there's strong high-altitude winds but a bomb cyclone is powered by this. It may sound unnecessary to explain it in this much detail, but mybookshop already discussed one Japanese company that was trying to equip powerful pumps on a ship to dilute the warm water near the surface with cold water from below to destroy or at least modulate a typhoon, and as you can see, if it's winter and the surface water is cold, it might not work at all for a bomb cyclone. Why was it given this peculiar name? It's because the winds suddenly whip-up out of no-where like a bomb, and because meteorologists began studying them in the 1940's during World War II because it affects attacks and defenses. The Japanese called it a "bakudan teiki-atsu" or "bomb low-pressure". Meteorologists knew the phrase ever since, but it didn't enter public lexicon until retired Massachusetts Institute of Technology meteorologist Frederick Sanders and John Gyakum now at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, wrote about it in 1980. While the phrase was used in public, the definition of the phrase continued to evolve to mean a sub-tropical or arctic low pressure with its center dropping by 24 milli-bars in 24 hours. It was in the June 1980 issue of Monthly Weather Review and the abstract went like this: By defining a "bomb" as an extratropical surface cyclone whose central pressure fall averages at least 1 mb per hour for 24 h, we have studied this explosive cyclogenesis in the Northern Hemisphere during the period September 1976 - May 1979. This predominantly maritime, cold-season event is usually found -400 n mi downstream from a mobile 500 mb trough, within or poleward of the maximum westerlies, and within or ahead of the planetary-scale troughs. A more detailed examination of bombs (using a 12 hr development criterion) was performed during the 1978 - 1979 season. A survey of sea surface temperatures (SST's) in and around the cyclone center indicates explosive development occurs over a wide range of SST's, but, preferentially, near the strongest gradients. A quasi-geostrophic diagnosis of a composite incipient bomb indicates instantaneous pressure falls far short of observed rates. A test of current National Meteorological Center models shows these products also fall far short in attempting to capture observed rapid deepening.

If you don't understand it, it doesn't matter. Suffice to know that computer weather prediction models had trouble predicting rapid cyclone growth before this paper was published, but this paper led to new algorithms that now allow current computer weather prediction models to predict the growth of rapid bomb cyclones when the proper weather conditions prevail, which is how British meterological forecasters can now give a warning to its people to prepare for a sudden storm or flood.)

2012: This is the day that Japan suffered the "bomb cyclone". It started on April 2, 2012 in the Yellow Sea in China with 1,008 hectopascal low pressure. Japan Meteorological Agency predicted that a bomb cyclone was forming and heading for Japan by the evening of April 2, 2012, warning to be vigilant for typhoon strength winds and waves. Over 500 flights were canceled in Japanese airports, companies began letting their workers go home early, while the railway prepared to limit service when it striked. It was thought that the traffic jam as everyone made a mad-dash home will coincide with the strong winds to cause a traffic nightmare and casualties, but the companies and government workers let everyone leave at designated hours that smoothed-out the traffic to avoid a traffic congestion, a lesson that was learned from the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunamis and Fukushima disaster and the Heisei Year 23 Typhoon Number 15 (Called Typhoon Roke in US, but Japan stopped giving names to avoid insulting people with the same name. It started from September 12, 2011 at 3:00 PM till September 22, 2011 at 3:00 PM Japan Standard Time with minimum low pressure of 940 hectopascals and 45 meters per second wind or 85 knots with maximum instantaneous wind of 115 knots. That's 162 kilo-meters per hour wind, but Japan uses meters per second.) of September 13, 2011. The bomb cyclone crossed east through the Korean Peninsula and entering Japan on this chat date morning when it suddenly began to develop. It fulfilled the definition of a bomb cyclone on this chat date at 3:00 PM when the center of the low pressure dropped to 972 hectopascals, although it was pummeling western Japan since the morning with torrential rain and high waves before moving to eastern Japan. By this date at 9:00 PM, the pressure dropped to 964 hectopascals, but by next morning on April 4, 2012 at 3:00 AM, a new occluded front occurred further east, where the "eye" of this bomb cyclone transferred. It moved past Hokkaido and continued further north. By April 4, 2012 at 3:00 PM, it was on the shore south-east of Sakhalin Islands in the Sea of Okhotsk, where it went down to the lowest pressure at 950 hectopascals, before the pressure rose slightly as it headed north-east to sea. In the process, one person died in South Korea but five people died with over 350 injured in Japan due to collapsed shack and others. 19,000 homes and businesses suffered a power black-out in the province of Niigata and up to 300,000 homes and businesses in total suffered black-outs in six provinces, 500 structures were damaged, over 1,000 plastic covered agricultural structures destroyed (Note that strawberries and many other fruits that were in Fukushima disaster were free of Chernobyl radiation and Fukushima radiation because they were grown under plastic shelter.) Because the cold air moved south, the South Korean city of Seoul had a snow for the first time in 19 years. Because the pressure dropped from April 2, 2012 at 9:00 PM to this chat date at 9:00 PM from 1,006 hectopascals to 964 hectopascals or 42 hectopascals, it was declared a huge bomb cyclone, the likes of which wasn't seen in Japan since November 1995 by the Japan Meteorological Agency. These bomb cyclones will become a common occurrence in New England and Japan, and even the countries along the Mediterranean Sea, from once-every-several-decades to biannual, just like El Nino.

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On April 03, 2012 (When everyone is doing something huge, then doing something huge and then a bit more makes you insignificant. In comparison, when everyone is under-achieving and you're doing just a bit of anything that's plain, that makes you huge, relatively speaking.)

Happy birthday to 1906: Kouji Iizuka the Japanese geographer whose specialty is human geography (Historically called by the German name "Anthropogeographie" because it was started by the German Darwinian geographer-biologist Friedrich Ratzel [August 30, 1844 - August 9, 1904], it's now preferentially called "human geography" in English and is specialized into fields such as behavioral geography, cultural geography, economic geography, historic geography, linguistic geography, political geography, population geography, social geography, urban geography, geography of pathology, and many other fields. An example of population geography is the census that's taken every five years to see how people are migrating from state to state, rural to urban, population density per city or village, age groups, ethnic make-up, etc. Another example of human geography is mybookshop, which pointed out that Japan's upper class's ethnicity is mainly Chinese and some Koreans, while Japan's "untouchables" are Koreans, just like its ultra-leftists and emperor-worshipping Korean-speaking ultra-rightists, while the native Japanese of many mixed bloods get victimized whenever these Chinese and Koreans have a feud. It's an important weapon that was used by US to identify the ethnic make-ups of Afghans, their traditions, their blood-feud rivals, their projected behavioral patterns, and then manipulate them to hate al Qaeda and recruit them to hunt them down after US was gone. It was used very successfully to get Japan to think that the Chinese hated them during World War II, but US failed to deploy these scientists when they entered Somalia, ending up with the pro-US Somalians to unite with anti-US Somalians to drive US soldiers out of Somalia. The same idiotic bungle happened in Iran when US forced modernization and democratic rule in Iran without considering the consequences that led Iran to turn into a fanatic theocratic government under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini -- see the January 20, 2001 story -- which is now threatening to atomize any non-Muslem country that it doesn't like, starting with Israel, and then Europe.) and also linguistic translation (Remember that the native Japanese suffer from xenoglossophobia because they may have memorized voluminous phrases and sentences and accent it correctly, but they don't understand what they're saying and are translating what they heard and said into Japanese. Only those Japanese with mainly Chinese or Korean blood have the ability to speak and think in a foreign language other than Japanese.) which made him one of the leading representatives of 20th century Japanese geographers. Kouji was born in the municipality of Hongou in the current south-east Bunkyou district of Tokyo Metropolis. (Back then, it was the Hongou district of Tokyo City, but Hongou amalgamated with Koishikawa district on March 15, 1947 to become the current western section of Bunkyou district, which you guessed it, is human geography.) Kouji graduated the Tokyo Imperial University with a degree in economics in 1930. Economics has nothing to do with French because it wasn't taught in French in this University in 1930, but in 1932, he passed the French government's scholarship exam and studied geography at the Sorbonne University within the University of Paris (Just like the many colleges making-up the University of Cambridge, Sorbonne is one of 13 institutions within the University of Paris.) in France, a minor achievement for anyone, but a huge achievement for a Japanese who fears anything that's not in the Japanese language, unless he has lots of non-native blood. After he graduated and did other chores, by 1941, he became the professor of economics at the Rikkyou University. (Established in 1922, it has two official English names; "Rikkyo University" without the 'u' in the end, and "Saint Paul's University". It's because it was established in 1874 as a Christian mission school that was started by Channing Moore Williams [July 18, 1827 - December 2, 1910. He hated the Japanese to find out about his background so much that when he left, he burned everything that revealed his past.] as Saint Paul's School. Before World War II, it had become Saint Paul's College. Because of the Japanese anger at anything foreign, it became Rikkyou University during World War II, but some people refer back to the original name and call it Saint Paul's University. The University motto is "Pro Deo et Patria", Latin for "For God and the World".) It would seem that a person who studied human geography in France shouldn't be qualified to teach economics in Japan, but back then, Japan had few professors and even fewer number who could study in a foreign country, and since economic geography is a field within human geography, that was apparently good-enough. By 1943, he was a professor at the Tokyo Imperial University, working at the University's Institute of Oriental Culture. Since Japan had come out of the rural culture only a few decades ago, Japanese military didn't realize that human geography is a powerful weapon in a huge war such as the Pacific War. All they used was the fact that US has oppressed African-Americans and natives who were almost hunted to extinction, and tried to recruit them as spies who'll work for Japan. Had they studied the behavior of African-Americans during the American Civil War and World War I, they would have known that they observed how the war was proceeding and then cautiously sided with the winning side, so they weren't going to do anything as foolish as to side with a tiny Japan. US had centuries of experience improving on the British "divide and conquer" that was backed by the omnipotent extra-territoriality that allowed US and Britain to do the wildest and craziest "Boston Tea Party" plans against the Chinese until January 1943. Because US and Britain had relinquished extra-territoriality over Japan, they couldn't dress-up as Japanese soldiers and slaugher Chinese soldiers, nor bomb British controlled Chinese cities with bombers that had Japanese insignias, but they were hugely successful on the other side of the plan, as were the Russians. (The Mumbai Massacre is such a Boston Tea Party that was meant to get India so angry that they declared open-war and trigger a nuclear war, but with the knowledge of historic war strategies that uses a Boston Tea Party and a cool-head, they avoided getting involved in a nuclear war that only benefitted mainland China that could use this excuse to secure Kashmir for itself while the indian military is exhausted.) After the end of the Pacific War of World War II, he became the director of this Institute of Oriental Culture. He also lectured on human geography at the same university which lost its "Imperial" and became plain University of Tokyo. Here he stayed until 1967 when he retired. Because the other Japanese didn't know that his specialty was human geography and not geography, they were surprised that he could write papers on economics, history, comparative-cultures, sociology and other diverse subjects. He also translated many works such as Paul Vidal de la Blache (January 22, 1845 - April 5, 1918. Father of French geography school, or Ecole francaise de geographie.)'s "Human geography source". Not realizing what human geography means, it was praised in Japan for its historic, social, and ethnic people. He died an unimportant person on December 4, 1970, with no one realizing that he could have contributed hugely to the Pacific War effort.

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Apple's iPad 2 has a thinner glass that's much stronger. Some people are commenting at wired.com and other chat sites that it's impossible to be thinner and yet bend as much as it does in the iPad 2, but mybookshop has already commented about the new Japanese glass that claims to be much stronger, and we all know that iPad 2 is far more reliant on Japanese component and parts than iPad 1 which was 1/3 Japanese. The current situation in Japan has a huge impact on the iPad 2 sales, although because the earthquake/tsunamis/nuclear-disasters took place right after the components and parts were shipped out to China and beyond, there should be no problem for them to keep making them until Japan can ship more.

The amount of radioactivities that are spreading is nothing to get alarmed about. After all, Japan has a very stringent radiation level. It's just like all those California/Florida oranges that were supposed to be shipped-over to Japan, but you're purchasing them and eating them, right? Why? Because Japan has a stringent limits on insecticides. Because those US oranges had alarmingly high level of pesticides, they couldn't sell them to Japan, which is why you're purchasing them, because US has such a loose and unhealthy limit on how much pesticides can be in food that small children and babies getting-off breast milk can consume. In fact, all those atmospheric nuclear detonations that US conducted in the Nevada desert -- upwind from the jet stream that carried all those radioactive fallouts throughout the continental US and Canada -- has already exposed all of you to deadly levels of radiation. Whatever comes out of Japan is literally insignificant and of no consequence compared to all that radiation that's already in your grand parents, parents, and you, and your baby and your grand children.

The very closeness of Earth's Moon in 18 years which is called a "Super Moon" seems to have caused a high wave (It can't be called a "tsunami" because it was triggered by the closeness of the Moon, not an earthquake.) of 2.4 meters in height that went 60 meters into land that destroyed homes and small businesses in Hondura. Although this SuperMoon isn't blamed for the big tsunamis that struck Japan and which knocked out its nuclear power plants, maybe it ought to be blamed? After all, until a few years ago, everyone claimed that the weight of the snow and ice on continents in the winter doesn't affect the frequency of earthquakes, but now it's proven to affect it, which is why mybookshop says that the global warming which is melting the frozen tundras is causing all the continental plates to move around so wildly. Combine that rapid movement of the continental plates with close proximity of the Moon which amplifies those wild movements, and you have super earthquakes and super tsunamis, not to mention super nuclear accidents. (But nuclear power plants which are designed properly are still the only reliable source of energy that doesn't cause the global warming which is causing this entire huge mess.)

Does Japan want volunteers to clean-up the mess left behind by the huge earthquake and the huge tsunamis? No. So many volunteers from around Japan have also asked to help with the recovery and they're already turned away, because these volunteers are all saying "feed me, shelter me" as a condition for the volunteer work, even though the federal and provincial governments are having a hard time trying to feed and shelter the survivors of this disaster. Want to volunteer even then? Then bring your own food, toilet paper, water, tooth brush, camping equipments and everything else.

On April 03, 2011 (Today's "huge" is a person who had a huge influence on Australia, which until recently was of no particular interest until the exponentially accelerating global warming caused north-eastern Australia to turn into a temporary "in-land sea" with the flooding of not only coal mines but also its vast wheat fields and other crops that's increasing the price of wheat flour and other crops beyond what many Africans and Indians can afford. It reminded me of an Asian country that didn't have trouble taking care of a rare animal but that had trouble taking care of penguins that kept dying, even though Japan had no trouble taking care of them. But digging further, it turned out that the very first Japanese zoological garden that had a penguin did have trouble with each penguin under their care dying also. The reason was a fungal infection that was transmitted from the children who wanted to pet the penguin. In the cold Antarctica, the fungus wasn't growing, but in Japan's warmer climate, the fungus grew profoundly and killing the penguins until they used a simple skin-rub that took care of them.)

Happy birthday to 1845: William James Farrer the agronomist and plant breeder who developed drought-resistnat and rust-resistant wheat strains that made a huge Autralian wheat field belt possible. William was born to tenant father Thomas Farrer and mother Sarah Brunskill in the town of Docker in Westmorland in North-West England. Though of humble and poor background, William got a tuition-free option to attend Christ's Hospital, a co-educational boarding school in Sussex, in Horsham in West Sussex, England. It's a charity school, meaning a school that gives children of poor families a chance to get better education for free for some and at a reduced fee for most others. After excelling in mathematics, he won a scholarship to enroll in Pembroke College in the University of Cambridge. (Originally called the Hall of Valence Mary before it was called Pembroke Hall and then Pembroke College in 1856.) that he graduated in 1868 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. Although he began studying medicine, he contracted tuberculosis, so he quit and moved to Australia in 1870 at age 25, where the dry warm climate improved his chronic condition. At first he lived with friends in the town of Parramatta, named after the Parramatta River and a suburb of the city of Sydney in New South Wales province in Australia before he found a job as a tutor. Using his free time to study his new surrounding, he published "Grass and Sheep-farming, a Paper: Speculative and Suggestive" in 1873 in which he speculated about the suitability of various soils for growing grass and raising sheep. He was a tutor on George Campbell's property called Duntroon on Limestone Plains which is now a suburb of the city of Canberra. (Duntroon is named after his father Robert Campbell's family castle, Duntrune Castle on Lock Crinan in Argyll in Scotland. The Duntroon House which Robert built in 1833 was a one story house but George added the second story in 1862.) Using his mathematic knowledge, he studied and became a surveyor for the Department of Lands in New South Wales from 1875 to 1886 to survey the areas where wheat was grown. In 1882, he married Queanbeyan district Parliament member and pastor Leopold Fabius Dietegen Fane de Salis (1816 - 1898)'s only-daughter Nina de Salis. In 1886, Leopold gave his daughter a 97 hectares of land cut out of his Cuppacumbalong (16 square kilo-meters of sheep and cattle grazing land that the De Salis family lost in a bank foreclosure in 1892, although the family remained here until 1894. In 1898, Leopold was declared to be insolvent and died soon after. Selwyn Campbell lived here till 1911 when it was sold to another and then to Alan Thomson who saw the land flooded again and again, so he sold it to Frank Snow who raised sheeps and Hereford cattle before becoming businesses and homes.) that William called Lambrigg. William resigned as the surveyor for the Department of Lands in July 1886 and settled-down with his wife on her land by the Murrumbidgee River. He originally tried to grow grape vines but there was too much water for grapes, so he tried growing wheat, which was struck by the wheat leaf rust, a fungus that even now can kill up to 20% of wheat, rye, and barley. By 1889, he began trying find wheat seeds among his stock with better qualities and then trying to cross-fertilize foreign wheat with better properties, just as Australian wheat crop was struck by the worst rust in its history, forcing Australian flour mills to import wheat grains to make bread. In 1890, the Intercolonial Rust in Wheat Conference was convened to discuss how to handle this rust that was causing at least 2.5 million pounds of losses. William contributed his thoughts in a letter that emphasized cross-breeding to not only improve resistance against rust but also an even baking property in an era when Europe and US were just considering the use of cross-fertilizing to improve the wheat crop, although remember the March 27, 2011 article on the 1817 birth of Swiss botanist Karl Wilhelm von Nageli who was so stupid that when Gregor Mendel began corresponding with him on the pea experiment that showed dominant and recessive genes, Karl told Gregor Mendel to stop doing it. In other words, without Gregor Mendel's work on dominant and recessive genes, botanists who cross-fertilized wheat strains were disappointed that sometime the cross-fertilized seed grains had the properties of its parents and sometime it didn't, and sometime it appeared to regain an undesired property out of no-where. Because it was producing unpredictable results without Gregor Mendel's data, they weren't making any progress in producing wheat with desired properties, resulting its members to reject William's suggestion. William continued experiments in his land, the Lambrigg, using hairpins to cross-pollinate between different wheat plants because he didn't have forceps at first. Although William didn't have a mill and baking facilities, by 1892, Australian agricultural chemist Frederick Bickell Guthrie (December 10, 1861 - February 7, 1927) made mini-mill and mini-bakery that could let William determine the quantity of flour that's produced per unit of land and how well it bakes. (Wheat has to be husked and dried before its yield can be determined.) At one time, William's rich uncle in Britain told him that if he returned to Britain, then upon his death, William will inherit the wealth, but William refused and was disinherited, because William believed that what he was doing will have a huge repercussion for all of Australia. But for the moment, his meager life had to support his wife and his now impoverished father-in-law. (It was September 1898 that the Department of Agriculture hired him as a wheat experimentist at an annual salary of 350 pounds.) In time, William saw that the Indian wheat resisted rust and drought the most but the Canadian Fife wheat had the best milling and baking properties, so William began cross-pollinating the two, creating a wheat that had good properties and over-all milling properties similar to North American wheat. The Australian millers were ferociously opposed to this and wanted to mill only the type of wheat that they were used to grinding. The 1896 Rust in Wheat Conference that was held in the city of Melbourn reported that the Australian miilers' opposition to William's new wheat was only because they didn't understand what was at stake or because they didn't want to try milling a new type of wheat grain into flour. (Wheat flour does undergo spontaneous ignition and explosion that destroys the plant from time to time unless the milling machines are finely adjusted.) Due to heavy rain and rust loves high humidity and a temperature of 10 to 15 degrees Centigrade, the Australian wheat production in 1896 was poor again, and the Australian mills had to import the North American wheat grains whose milling properties were similar to William's wheat. When the milling machines were adjusted for North American wheat, they finally tried milling William's wheat and found that it was far easier to mill William's wheat than others. With a further cross-pollination with 14A and then others, William produced the Federation strain that didn't look nice in the field but which had the desired properties that became the favorite wheat strain that was planted from 1910 to 1925 -- William's wheat strains weren't rust-resistant, but they were short and matured quickly before rust can appear and start infesting them, and it also quadrupled the wheat yield before the green revolution. By this era, Gregor Mendel's experiments were widely known and used, so that it looked as if every agronomist was using this knowledge to produce better strains. It's not a battle that was won, because the old rust either adapts to the new wheat or a new rust will find the new wheat tasty, resulting in the need to constantly make new hybrids that was still resistant to rust and kept all the other desired properties. He wouldn't know of any of these things because he died of a heart problem on April 16, 1906 and was buried atop the hill behind his house at Lambrigg. His wife died on February 20, 1929 and was buried next to him with no child to carry their line.

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US government gave the "Energy Star" certificate to 15 products that don't exist, including a gasoline powered alarm clock, even though it's 1.5 inch high and 15 inches wide. Huge as these blunders are, Honda Motor Corporation is making a small power generator, called "enepo" that fits in a small suitcase on wheels that uses a pair of butane gas cartridges to provide 2.2 hours of power for computers, tools, and as emergency power source after any disaster. This is the second butane gas cartridge powered machine that Honda released, after its small butane powered soil cultivator. Will this enepo receive an Energy Star?

On top of not permitting any journalist -- domestic or foreign -- from covering news that the Chinese government doesn't sanction, journalists are no longer allowed to report anything on high medical fees, which means it's going to rise through the sky; the widening gap between the haves and the havenots, meaning the rich are becoming filthy rich and the poor are eating dirt; the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake and the delay in reconstruction, which means more are going to fall and they're not making new homes or schools; real estate developers who jack-up price of land, which means land is going to go so high that only the rich can afford to live in cities and everyone else must co-habit one apartment with several families or friends; police cooperating with gangs in Chongqing, so all the police officers are going to work for the gangs, just like Mexico; RMB evaluation which is going way up which makes it easier to purchase foreign raw materials but harder for local mines and suppliers; Tibet and Xinjiang Uighur, which means more deaths and repopulation with the new Tibetans et al consisting of Han tribesmen. Also, anything that criticized US was welcomed, even though US is keeping quiet as it pleads the Chinese to purchase more US treasuries.

Idiot seismologists are talking about the Haitian earthquakes as if it's not going to be any different in the future. It's going to be huge! Without the frozen lands to the north and the south to act as staples to hold the plates beneath them in place, all the plates are going to move like wild, causing volcanic activities, earthquakes, and rapid global warming. The enhanced activities of the Earth will change the magnetosphere and likely invite a large number of comets and meteors toward Earth.

On April 03, 2010 (Today's "huge" was to be on a kidnapping in Japan. Why the sudden interest in Japanese crimes? It's because Japan's laws are going through a lot of changes, including the introduction of jury-judges who participate in the legal process, and the further debate on abolishing the statute of limitation for killing, so that you can't confess to killing someone 25 years after the killing, and get away with it. But after it was written and before it was sealed-up it was checked again, and it was already covered on another date. The details were different enough to cause the mistake because this story gave an extensive background on the life of the kidnapper. There goes that story. Something small which has the potential to become huge was substituted in its place. Along that new line, did you know that the very first handheld wireless mobile telephone call was made this chat date in 1973 in a Manhattan street corner? Motorola researcher Martin Cooper made that very first call and he used the one kilo-gram weight Motorola MOTO W233 Renew telephone that looked like and weighed like a big brick, and he could only talk 20 minutes before the battery died, although your arm died from lifting that big brick next to your ear for more than a few minutes. 11 years later in 1984, there were only 300,000 mobile telephones, but now cellular technology makes it possible to have five billion cellular telephones out there. 80 years old Martin was born in Chicago but now lives in Madrid, Spain. He gave a telephone interview to the media on November 4, 2009, to complain that the current cellular telephone has too many functions which it does not do very well. [For example, my cellular telephone can display the time and the date, but it takes, oh, maybe a minute to turn it on and display it, that I can accomplish in a second by glancing at my watch. It also has a calculator that I never use because I have to go through several menu steps to find it and peck at the keys. The calendar function is something I use once or twice a year because it's frustrating to find it. The games are ok, since I can kill time playing them. It has dozens of other functions that I never use because they're not as easy to access.] He wants a few specialized devices that does one thing well, rather than one universal device that tries to do everything, poorly. How true... perhaps an improved iPad made by a Taiwanese or even the Chinese which does everything well by purchasing a good application that comes highly recommended by some computer magazine? The only problem with the universal devices comes about because they drain power so rapidly, unlike my watch that keeps running for a year or two or my television remote control that also runs for years and every other good-old-day specialized devices that ran for years, instead of the current universal devices that needs power every week or even day. A new genre of universal device that works for weeks or months without having to recharge a battery is nice.)

2008: It was this date that the Nature journal published the report of the discovery of the super-insulator. An electrical insulator is a material that blocks the flow of electricity, such as rubber and plastic, but the best insulator is a vacuum, because there's no atoms that can cause electrons to flow from one atom to another to move. But even in a vacuum, if the voltage is high and the vacuum gap distance is small, electrons can boil-off from one side to the other side. As the gap becomes smaller, lower voltage will cause the electrons to boil-off. With electronics, this means that as the electronic components become smaller and smaller, insulators no longer isolates the electricity inside the electrical conductor and electrons move-around without control. Without isolation, you can't have Moore's Law to make electronics even smaller any more, when the width of the metal conductor can be counted in terms of the number of copper atoms, and the thickness of the insulator can also be counted in terms of the number of insulator atoms. In fact, as the number of atoms in an insulator become smaller, electrons will tunnel through the insulator as if there was no insulator, and the insulator acts like a super-expressway for electrons. All that changed with this paper which reported that titanium nitride -- normally a super-conductor -- is a super-insulator that completely blocks the flow of electricity at very low temperature (In the range of abolute zero degree Kelvin, up to close to 70 milli-kelvin or 0.07 degree Kelvin which is so hugely cold that cannot be achieved and maintained even with liquid helium.) and in the presence of a magnetic field (0.9 Tesla, a huge amount of magnetic flux density but still easily achievable with the new-generation permanent super-magnets that don't need to be powered by electricity. In comparison, Earth's magnetic field is 0.000'05 tesla or 0.5 Gauss in strength because one Tesla is 10,000 Gauss, a toy magnet is in the range of 0.01 Tesla, the black sunspot is 0.15 Tesla, and a naked neutron star may have a magnetic surface with 100 million Tesla.), and the catch was that titanium nitride was not a super-insulator at the regular balmy temperature at which computer chips normally operate. Since theoretical works so far did not predict that super-insulators with infinite resistance against the flow of electricity can even exist, after they found it, they began finding the mechanism by which such a material can even exist. After the Russian scientists -- Valerii Vinokour, Tatyana Baturina, and Nikolai Chtchelkatchev -- working at US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory discovered it, they investigated how this was possible, to see if they can recreate the condition at a balmy temperature, so that electronics won't need to be immersed in a super-cryonic environment which makes servicing and upgrading impossible for anyone by the military. They found that the super-insulator works through the process in which tunnelling electrons normally pass through insulator to generate heat. At this small scale but at higher temperature, the tunnelling electrons don't dissipate heat in continuous process into the surrounding environment, but in unique quantized stages. The electrons generate electron-hole plasma and the high energy of the electrons are transferred to this plasma, and it's this plasma that transfers this high energy to the surrounding environment as heat. But at this very low temperature, the electrons and the electron-hole plasma that they create are bound into pairs, analogous to the cooper electron pair that allows for super-conductors to keep electrons moving in wire, forever, without dissipating any energy as heat. Without the plasma cloud to transfer the electron's energy to the surrounding environment as heat, electrons can't tunnel through an insulator, and the electron conductivity goes down to zero. They announced the mechanism for the super-insulator on December 14, 2009, along with predictions that now that scientists have super-conductors that don't lose any energy in the electrons which can move forever through wire, and super-insulators that guides electrons away from the surrounding environment, they can make a super-semi-conductor that can control this flow of electrons through logic circuits and memory circuits (Dynamic memory chips consist of very tiny capacitors that store electrons and the presence of a high charge or a low charge is taken as the digital bit one or zero -- it's not charge or no charge, so that if a stray alpha particle from a radioactive element contaminant or a stray cosmic ray hits it and super-charges or discharges the capacitor, the electronic circuit can tell the difference between an electrical charge and a stray charge from the different level of charges.), such that it can do computations without losing any energy as heat. It makes it a super-computer that can do calculations without any energy input aside from the electricity at the transistor base that controls electron flow through one emitter to collector or not -- old words used to describe the workings of a bipolar transistor is used. Or it can be made into a super-sensitive sensor. But for it to work in homes and even a business environment, they have to make this electron plasma pair form at warmer temperature or at least cool temperatures that can be recreated more easily. If they can succeed, then the future of electronics is huge.

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The huge Australian effort to "rescue" ha-ha stranded juvenile pilot whales in South-west Australia ended up dead. What a huge waste of money. They trucked 11 of them from the beaching site and simply shoved them back into the sea and expected the whales to thank the humans? What a bunch of cruel inhumanists the Western Australia Department of Environment and Conservation is. They're not beaching onto land because they got lost. They're beaching because they're suffering parasites. (That's becoming very common, because those Chinese are killing millions of sharks that normally eat parasite infected marine creatures, allowing the parasites to spread for kilo-meters.) Feed them some fish with any chemical to get rid of the parasites and they'd happily go back into the sea on their own. What a bunch of pathetic morons they are.

On April 03, 2009 (Incidentally, the reason why comic author Peyo's "Smurf" is called "Smurf" in English, and not the original name of "Schtroumph", may be, because the female Schtroumph is called a Schtroumphette. That "ou" combination is pronounced like 'u' in French, so that it sounds almost identical to a "strumpet" which in English means a prostitute or a woman of loose moral who has sex with many men.)

1857: This is the huge Chicago Prostitute War of 1857. The place was the northern bank of the Chicago River at the confluence of Lake Erie which was a sandy site, so it was called the Sands. The 1850's was shortly before the American Civil War, when aggressive and insane behavior was still encouraged to get rid of the natives but as the natives disappeared, that violence was directed inward at each other. The Sands became a red-light district, made of about 40 fragile wooden saloons, gambling sites, and brothels that fell-down on their own or which burned easily. It was an era and a place when women had to get married, because unless you were well-educated due to some amazing set of circumstances and could work as a governess or a teacher, there was no job for you, except the oldest profession, prostitution. Most brothels here were cheap, except for the brothel run by Anna Wilson who charged 50 cents a client, which sounds cheap but remember that they were made of gold and silver coins before the banking plot led the price of gold to be differentiated from the price of silver by an order of a magnitude, not nickel metal. One of Anna's women was fat Annie Stafford whom everyone called Gentle Annie, because she was anything but gentle. Most expensive brothels were a few blocks away at Wells Street, of which the most expensive was Eleanor "Mother" Herrick's "Prairie Queen" at up to a dollar a client. Like a forerunner of the vaudeville shows that will later tour across US, the Prairie Queen also offered dancing with the women, strip-teases, and no-glove boxing with the winner earning $2 and a night with one of the women. At first there was only the problems with the men fighting and raginge, but it turned into a fight between brothels early in 1857 when Eleanor lured-away Anna's most popular women with better pay and a clean dress. (Soap was hard to come-by, and what was available was caustic on dainty and frilly dresses. While industrial revolution made textile cheap, frilly dresses were still sewn by hand and other problems which made them expensive. It's nothing like now, when cheap Chinese dresses -- without the frills -- are available for a few inflation-defeated dollars.) That led to Anna and Eleanor's collusion and then physical collision as they and their women began to fight on the street. On this chat date in 1857, fat Annie and three other women, as well as body-guards cum pimps crashed through the Prairie Queen's doors, smashing furnitures, and beating-up Eleanor and some of her women, while kidnapping not only the woman who was lured-away but a few more of Eleanor's good looking women. Former Chicago mayor and then rich Chicago businessman William Ogden had bought some properties in the Sand and tried to get the squatters out a few days later in April. When they refused, he called for help from the six feet six inches tall editor of the "Chicago Democrats" newspaper and mayor of Chicago from 1857 to 1858 and 1860 to 1861, "Long" John Wentworth (March 5, 1815 - October 16, 1888) hired spies to find out whom the johns visiting the brothels were. Upon finding out that most men living in the Sands were gamblers, Long John and William advertised that there was a big horse race at the Chicago race track on April 20, 1857. When most men in the Sands left, they and a team of horses went to the Sands, served eviction notices to the few remaining men and the women, and then hitched the horses to the fragile buildings to tear them down. Aside from a few riots at the destruction of the street, the men who remained began looting from the destroyed buildings and soon what remained was burning-down. Fat Annie had to move-out, and became a mistress to gambler Cap Hyman of Hairtrigger Block who owned his gambling place at 81 West Randolph. He bought her a house at 155 North Wells Street (27 South Wells Street in 1911 when the numbers were changed.) where she opened her popular brothel in the early 1860's that she called the Sunnyside Hotel in what is now called the Sunnyside Avenue. Annie can see that she was losing her looks and Cap was refusing to marry her, so that on September 23, 1866, she went upstairs to his gambling site with a whip, dragged him down and out the street to coerce him with the whip into marrying her by October 1866. He died in 1876 from what was then described as a mental break-down from stress, although it may have been terminal syphilis or other veneral diseases. Fat Annie ran her popular brothel until 1880. As for Long John, he retired from political life in 1868 to his huge 5,000 acre Chicago estate at 5441 South Harlem Avenue. He died here in 1888 and was buried in the Rosehill cemetery.

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We all know why mainland China is upset that US announced that it accidentally shipped a missile part to Taiwan two years ago, don't we? It's diplomatic-talk that says "Stay away from Taiwan, which may have nuclear missiles pointed at mainland China."

The old chemical laser was getting trashed by mybookshop, but the 2004 announcement by Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility for a 10 kilo-watt laser isn't getting trashed, nor the new one that promises 100 kilo-watts of laser power. It's because this uses a free-electron laser for the weapon system. It's a decades old system. For a while, some industrial pundits in now-defunct magazines claimed that the Japanese are going to make huge improvements and it's going to come back to haunt US. But Japan didn't. Unlike electrons bound to atoms which when excited will fall back in discrete steps that manifests itself as a particular wavelength, the free-electron has no constraints imposed by atomic nucleii, which allows it to generate any wavelength of electro-magnetic radiation. The dye-tuned laser and others do likewise, but the bulkier and larger free-electron laser was always capable of generating kilo-watts of laser at any wavelength. With 100 kilo-watts, that's a huge amount that can shoot-down missiles, regardless of the anti-laser coating, by rapidly rotating the wavelengths to determine not only what wavelengths the missile is vulnerable at, but also to determine the chemical composition of the anti-laser coating. Yes, this laser weapon is a "laser spectroscopy", a word that you'll hear explained in a month's time in an article that was already written. A free-electron laser can scan any part of the ground at low-power and modulate the wavelength of the laser output to determine if what looks like a threatening metal target is actually a dummy made of wood, or if what looks like wooden homes are concrete bunkers. The analytical weapon can do the scanning at micro-wave and infra-red frequencies so that it won't be detected by humans. It can even do that science-fiction line. You know: A space ship scans a planet and determines that there are three humans on this world. A free-electron laser that can generate a tera-hertz beam that can pass through buildings can scan for signs of humans in buildings, and then tune the wavelengths to those that's absorbed by the building material, and then kill the human inside. Or, after detecting the human presence, it can switch to micro-wave and "toast" the human without affecting other humans in the same building. It's a staggeringly huge technological weapon that can kill everyone, selectively kill one person, or leave people alone but destroy weapons and short electronics... provided you make it air-borne.

Riken Brain Science Institute researchers trained a rodent by the name of degus to grab objects and use them as tools. They use rakes to gather the sunflower seeds toward themselves, and they made sure that the rodents knew that they were using tools by changing the colors of the rakes and including fake rakes that don't work. They thinks it's a huge step to realize that any animal can be trained to use tools, instead of only chimpanzees and some birds. But they obviously never went to see a flea circus, where fleas are trained to push carts and use other things normally associated with humans.

On April 03, 2008 (If only the theme wasn't huge, the story could have been on Mi~~na Tominaga which is pronounced like "Meena" to you. Born this date in 1966 as Yoshiko Tominaga in the west district of Hiroshima City in Hiroshima province of Japan, I know her name from the animated version of "Mobile Police Patlabor" where she did the main character's voice, based on the comic which appeared in the weekly Sunday comic magazine for boys published by Shougakukan in 1988. The original weekly comic stories were compressed when they were animated, so that several weeks worth of the story became one single 22 minutes worth of the animation. Some of the story lines were also made into direct-to-video sale. Set in the near future Japan when human controlled big robot suits are used for performing manual labor and crimes are also committed with those robots, the Japanese police answered those robot crimes by purchasing them also. [Current Japanese police also have fast sport cars to chase after speeders on sport cars. That sounds dangerous but the police win the chase if the speeder tries to speed-away, because all sport cars sold in Japan must incorporate speed cut-off mechanisms that shut down the engine if you try to go over 210 kilo-meters per hour, while those who disabled the mechanisms will get their expensive sport car impounded for illegally modifying them. If you stop, you're fined at a progressively rising rate that cost plenty.] The story's interesting point was in explaining all the weaknesses in using these robot suits that the children who grew-up seeing the animation have been correcting as they made real robot suits that are now made in Japan. The most fascinating part of the real robot suits is that rather than using levers and dials, they're intuitive like Nintendo's Wii; using myo-electric sensors and autonomic balancing subsystems, you don't have to learn how to use them, so that real children like in Gundam animation stories can manipulate them. They're bringing the cost down, which is good for civilian use, although they're not fast enough for military use. You still don't see lots of robots walking the streets of the Ginza district of Tokyo, but everything that's required is being developed as the children who saw those robot animations strive to make their dream come true. Just sew-on boron carbide plates in rubberized kevlar cloth to make it water-proof and you have the perfect soldier, although for dangerous quarters, the actual soldier may be inside a safe vehicle some distance away. Aside from that, she originally began her career by doing the voice of Carie in "Little House on the Prairie". She also did the voice of Kozue Nanao in "Maison Ikkoku" and Yahiko in "Rurounin Kenshin".

One huge event that wasn't mentioned in yesterday's article was that it was this date in 1865 during the American Civil War that the northern Union army captured the capital of the southern Confederate capital of Richmond in Virginia. But the story for today first became possible in 2007.)

1948: Cheju Uprising in Cheju Island, South Korea. The entire event started with the Kaehwadang, or the Enlightenment Party, who were Korean nobles and other upper-class Koreans who wanted to modernize Korea from 1881 to 1884 with Japanese help. It was started by Kim Okkyun (1851 - 1893) whose mission visited Japan to verify if Japan had really managed to modernize itself in a wink of an eye following the 1868 Meiji Restoration and had truly become the first non-white country not to be conquered by the whites who had already enslaved most other countries of the world. What he saw wasn't exaggerated propaganda, and if anything was a modesty covering an equal to any western country of the era. Since Japan got rid of its previous government and rallied around its Emperor, he also wanted to get rid of its government and rally a new government around its King Kojong to make a new Korea that can also withstand the foreign conquerers and become their equal. The Japanese paid him lip-service and words of encouragement but they weren't interested in Korea's affairs. As a result, he had to proceed with the coup d'etat on his own. On December 4, 1884, they killed seven Korean government officials in what came to be called the Kapsin Coup and then told his King Kojong that the Chinese killed them. They told the King to call the Japanese to help, but the King didn't, but they asked the Japanese who did send a few soldiers to protect the King's palace, although they all had to flee when the Chinese under Yuan Shikai sent a big army into Korea on December 6, 1884. Kim Okkyun fled to Japan but receiving no help, he fled to Shanghai in China, where the Chinese killed him. Korea continued as it was, with people partitioned by social classes including slaves, corrupt police and government officials, and wide-spread poverty and misery. That changed after the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 to 1895. The tiny but modernized Japanese army which was using rifles made from centuries-old Japanese swords were winning spectacularly against the much bigger but less modernized Chinese army. In reality, many Chinese sects were hostile against other Chinese sects -- not much different from much later when the Nationalist Chinese and the Communist Chinese both preferred the invading Japanese over each other, although the winning Communist Chinese later rewrote their history books to make the Japanese as their main enemy, before they began rewriting that all over again... -- which greatly helped the Japanese army, which sounds like the Japanese were using the British "divide and conquer" but in reality the Japanese didn't use anything, since the Chinese were never a homogeneous mix and they were always divided into various sects who hated each other and trying to use the Japanese as their own pawns. However, from the Korean perspective, it looked as if the Japanese form of government must be vastly superior for them to keep winning. This led to the Kabo Reforms of 1894 which emancipated its slaves, allowing widows to remarry, reforming the police and military, getting rid of Confucian civil service tests. (Remember? The Japanese often gave the government jobs to their family members, while the Chinese had everyone take long exams to determine who gets the government jobs. It sounds superior, but the exams were in private rooms and cheating was rampant, so that whomever was rich got the government jobs, which filled the Chinese government with corrupt politicians.) The Korean bureaucracy opposed it, so again the Korean plotters started another coup d'etat on October 8, 1895 with very tepid Japanese encouragement. But this time the next group of Korean plotters appeared next year with the Independence Club of 1896. They were mainly educated in Japan with some in US. They advocated many reforms using the Japanese system, and they were also quickly disbanded by the Korean government, although their ideas lived-on for the next effort. This was the Ilchinhoe, or the Unity/Progress Society. Not only did they want to modernize Korea, but they worked to make Japan absorb Korea, so that Japan will modernize Korea for them. In the end, unwilling Japan did annex Korea, disbanded the grouop, and then made them learn the Japanese language. It was to be expected, but they didn't like it. (Japan also had the crazy notion that dogs shouldn't be tortured and eaten among many ideas foreign to the Koreans, which sounds like a joke if you don't eat dogs, although it only means that the Japanese standards of norm happened to be similar to western standards, while the Koreans who keep stealing things from their Japanese friends without asking was also a difference in culture. True Taiwanese of that era before the mainland Chinese flooded the island also practiced head-hunting, heavily into using narcotics and other things that the Japanese also stopped.) Many such gripes led to the March 1, 1919 demonstration across Korea for independence which was suppressed with fire-power. Official estimate was that 553 were killed, while unofficial estimates by the demonstrators go up to 7,500. Whether it was 553 or 7,500 dead, not only were the Koreans surprised and angry that people were killed, but the Japanese were also aghast by the violence and made revisions, but not granting independence. The changes were good enough for most Koreans who could live with it until the 1930's when northern Koreans began to be influenced by anti-Japan guerilla leader, Kim Il Sung (1912 - 1995) who promised them a paradise under Communism, although those remained a tiny niche movement during World War II. That, in a nut-shell is mybookshop's hostile against Korea which depicts the Japanese annexation of Korea with such hostility, because it was instigated again and again by the Koreans upon unwilling Japan. Korean men also want the surviving "comfort women" to shut-up because they were "comforting" Korean soldiers. The major change took place after Japan surrendered and ended World War II, but US still allowed the (Korean-lineage) Emperor of Japan to retain his head, although US decided to cut-away Taiwan, Korean and other parts from Japan. Russia was spreading its wings and encasing Communism across all of Asia to fill the vacuum left by the absence of Japan, and also sending huge military aid to Kim Il Sung. Although US had legal control of Korea -- south of the 38th parallel -- until August 1948, US was busy administering Japan. And since Korea was now another country, whatever fellow Koreans did to Koreans, and what US soldiers did to Koreans didn't have to be made into news that the world hears. Much of what was known was also eliminated by the South Korean government that destroyed historic records and rewrote new propaganda histories. So how did the story of Cheju began? It started since the stone ages when the island was already occupied. Located 170 miles or 270 kilo-meters from the coast of mainland South Korea was Cheju-do (Sounding like "dou" or "dow", it's Chinese for "island" and is also used by the Japanese.) It was annexed by the Korean Koryo Kingdom in 1105 and has been regarded as part of Korea ever since, although the islanders never regarded themselves as Koreans. Koreans who hated their mainland government also fled to the island in exile. After US in turn "liberated" Korea in 1945, the Koreans organized a transitional government under moderate Yi Un-hyong of the Korean People's Republic. US military didn't want a leftist in charge of Korea, and they propped-up another Korean government under Syngman Rhee (1875 - 1965), a money-less member of the Korean royal family who lived in US from 1912 to 1945 when US moved him to Korea to head its US puppet regime. The Koreans hated him but US was their new ruler and they couldn't do anything about that, although they can do what they liked to those regarded as fellow Koreans, such as the Cheju islanders. Why didn't US do anything about it? There seemed to be no need. US Occupation Commander John R. Hodge told US congressmen who visited Korea in October 1947 that Cheju Island was a very peaceful place that the Communist People's Committee controlled, which led John to allow the islanders to administer everything on their own. 2/3 of the islanders were also left-leaning and didn't like the mainland Koreans or US whom they just wanted to leave them alone. At first there was no problem because its Korean governor was also left-leaning and didn't want anything to do with the mainland Koreans or US. That changed when he was succeeded by the ultra-rightist governor Yu Hae Jin. On November 14, 1947, the United Nations Assembly passed Resolution 112 to begin a general election for all of Korea to elect a democratic government into power. Since Russia was encasing Communism around Asia, Russia opposed it and wouldn't let the United Nations Commission to go to northern Korea, so that only the part administered by US, the United States Army Military Government In Korea (USAMGIK), could participate in this May 10, 1948 election where Communists in southern Korea hoped to elect a Communist government through this democratic process. The Communist Workers Party of South Korea demonstrated against this partition on March 1, 1948, and the South Korean government controlled by Syngman Rhee sent police to arrest about 2,500 demonstrators. In the tit-for-tat escalation which followed, by this chat date in 1948, island rebels under Kim Sam-dal attacked 11 police stations, killing the police inside and mutilating their bodies (Mutilation sounds extreme to us, but it's part of the local custom, like the Africans who now tie a car tire around a man and set the tire on fire to torture the person before he dies.) while destroying the polling stations which were setup for the election while also calling for the overthrow of US occupation force. Syngman Rhee reacted angrily to this rebellion and sent 3,000 soldiers of the South Korean 11th Regiment to restore order. But several hundred soldiers were sympathetic to the islanders and gave them a large cache of small arms to defend themselves against the South Korean soldiers. Lieutenant General Kim Ik Ruhl who was in command of the South Korean soldiers still tried to negotiate a peaceful end, although he insisted on an unconditional surrender, and the rebels were just as adamant in seeking what amounted to independence. It was going no where but it remained mostly peaceful until he was replaced by more radical commanders who began waging open warfare. By October 1948, the number of rebels grew to 4,000, although they only had the cache of small arms that were originally given to them by the sympathetic soldiers, which meant that most of them had knives, axes, arrows and other less effective weapons. On October 17, 1948, Syngman Rhee declared that the islanders must live in a five kilo-meter wide perimeter of the Island and anyone found in the interior will be shot dead on the spot. It didn't matter if the person was male or female, young or old. The worst torturers were the Northwest Youth League formed on November 30, 1946, composed of right-leaning refugees from North Korea which was now Russian controlled to become Communist. US military also hired 700 of them to kill and spread torture in Cheju. US military didn't pay the Youth League any money, but they were allowed to kill and threaten anyone for money and food. Females suspected of having a relative among the rebels were gang-raped by them or their own relatives were forced to have sex with the females before they were sexually tortured and then killed by inserting a live grenade in their vagina or anus, or having other things thrusted and gyrated. It worsened when martial law was proclaimed on November 17, 1948, and continued after the law was lifted on December 31, 1948. Because of the indiscriminant killing and tortures, the islanders began seeking military help from the Russian controlled North Korea and flying North Korean flags. At first they were holding their grounds until four battalions came from South Korea by next spring 1949 and began the slaughters and destruction of about 90% of the villages that ended by August 17, 1949. Then North Korea began attacking South Korea in 1950 to start the Korean War. The islanders were classified according to the perceived level of threat that they posed, A through D, and orders were given to have those in the C and D groups executed by firing squads by September 6, 1950. What was the scale of the killings? South Korean investigation claim 14,000, and up to 30,000, while US records claim 30,000 to 60,000 out of at most 300,000 inhabitants of Cheju Island, so it's not wrong to say that 5% to 10% or 10% to 20% of the islanders were killed while the others just survived, even though the number of rebels never amounted to over 4,000, so that most of the dead were unarmed and non-combatants. Islanders who did escape escaped to Japan where many of them made a Cheju town in Osaka. They claim that at least 80,000 were killed. The surviving women were strung-up upside down and gang raped continuously and sexually tortured so traumatically that none of them refuse to talk about the ordeal. But the mathematics don't add-up. There were said to be 8,000 to 10,000 Youth League gang members on this Island. So they only killed six each? Also, island police chief Cho Byongn Ok ordered his soldiers to exterminate all islanders for the sake of Korea. How many islanders or what percentage of the islanders may have been killed, the South Korean government placed a tight seal on news and everyone was told to forget about it, and when their bones are found, they're quickly disposed and sealed away. What happened to Syngman Rhee? In February 1960, he announce a democratic election in March. His challenger was Cho Pyong-ok of the Korean Democratic Party who was dying from cancer. Even though he died, Syngman Rhee still used huge vote fraud to give himself 90% of the popular vote. It was so blatant that the Korean people demonstrated, and they were killed in numbers never countered, yet again, although it started the April Revolution of 1960. No matter how many people were killed, they kept demonstrating, causing US ambassador to Korea to suggest that he flee to Hawaii, and he did so on April 29, 1960 to mark the end of the April Revolution. The story of the Cheju Uprising was continuously suppressed until recently. In April 2006, President Roh Moo-Hyun officially apologized to the Cheju people who survived and who still live on the Island. As for Russia, Russian Communist Party collapsed in 1989 and all the countries supported by Russia also collapsed. At first it appeared that this meant that every country was going to choose democracy over Communism and everyone was going to live happily ever after. But without the supervision of powerful Communist threat over them, they began to squabble and quarrel like children who were let free from parental supervision. The number of wars and genocides began to mount as chaos took over where order used to rule. Since democracy is only chose by well-off countries whose people want the status quo, those who sought a solution from chaos often chose Islam. The ultra-strict interpretation of Prophet Muhammad caused both drug and alcohol induced crimes to be curtailed, which led other troubled countries to see Islam as their savior. There were always a few fundamental Muslems trying to destroy US World Trade Center or two, but it seemed to be be more an annoyance than a threat. But now, who can say what the future holds?

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It's minor, and not huge, but it's the little things that count. This April 3, 2007, there was a strange news which became a world-wide news. It was a man who was on a window several stories up. North American television news reported that the man was suicidal. A fire truck came and sprayed him with a water hose as he was by a window, and the force of the water pushed him out, and he fell onto a big cloth air cushion that saved him. Or so it seemed. That news was wrong. The man wasn't suicidal. He was an armed robber who had a big knife on him. The police called the fire truck to hose him down because he was a crook, not because he was a suicidal person who deserves sympathy for whatever led him to try to kill himself.

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Whomever decided to measure Condoleeza Rice's brain obviously added a third number to her intelligence quotient by mistake, because she definitely doesn't know anything about politics and never will. That idiot evaded a huge political blunder that could have have turned her into a genocidist. How did she evade it? By not criticizing the planned amendment of Egyptian constitution that restricts personal freedom and democracy. After all, democracy is only workable in a society where people don't seek changes but want stable status quo. In other societies where poverty rules, they want to overturn the government and try something, anything else. After all, Iran used to have a monarchy that -- under US prodding and nudging -- gave its people too much personal freedom while the people were still poor and seeking changes. The end result was Khomeni and a fanatic theocratic rule that wants a big nuclear arsenal to destroy its blood-brother/-sister Jews. Had Egypt gave-in to that idiot, it would have followed in the same footstep as Iran and become an enemy to all infidels.

Here's a bunch of people at the 233rd national meeting of the American Chemical Society meeting in the city of Chicago. Some St. Louis University researchers headed by Shelley Minteer are demonstrating a battery that runs using sugar as the energy source. Shelley? No, that's not the name of the young male guy who demonstrated his sugar powered fuel cell on television some 20 years or more ago. I remembered that that guy's sugar-powered fuel cell used formaldehyde mixed into the electroytes, so the chemical process may be different, but this Shelley is ripping-off someone else's old idea and reviving it as a new invention. Some "huge" discovery, regurgitating the old as new.

The Canadian province of Ontario has a lot in common with mainland China. A third of the Chinese complain of constant bad health, and a third of Ontarians also suffer chronic diseases that keep them sick with everything from asthma to arthritis, diabetes, cancer, and heart diseases. The condition becomes hugely alarming when you ignore the young, because 4/5 of people 65 years and older has it, and it's getting worse as younger people become obese. If not for free universal medical care for everyone -- even those people who haven't relinquished their previous citizenship and who have no plan to become Canadians, ever -- Ontario may be seeing huge death rates from these diseases. (Also, one in 10 Canadian has learning disabilities, just like Tom Cruise and Linsay Wagner of "The Bionic Woman" among a long list of sickies. Does the cold preserve all the infections that don't die or something?)

Sanyo Electric Company's head woman just resigned due to bleeding red ink only a few days ago, but now the company is announcing its hugely successful residential power fuel cell that uses a new fluorine polymer membrane that showed no degradation in performance after it was checked at 20,000 hours. (833 days at 24 hours a day, or 2.28 years with continuous use. They're hoping that it'll last 40,000 hours of use, or the equivalent of up to 10 years if used under 12 hours a day to power home appliances. Obviously they're hoping that a nickel metal hydride battery or some other source will provide extra power when a motor uses extra power to kick into operation and also act as the primary power source during the night when people are asleep and not using power-hungry appliances. Since the waste heat from the fuel cell can be used to provide hot water in the summer and also augment home heating in the winter, it's a huge historic event for the ecologically minded... rich people. Now they have to reduce the price so that the rest of us poor folks can afford it.

Why is there this huge coverage of Japan whenever they have an earthquake? So a 6.9 earth quake on the Richter scale injured at least 160 people and killed old woman by last count. So what? It's not as if an earthquake is a rare event in Japan. These things happen almost on a daily rate and injure people all the time. As long as it doesn't affect the production of a Toyota or a Wii, don't make a huge thing out of nothing. If one die, there's still around 128 million more to go.

Well, the bitching liar Koreans are at it again. Did you remember the reasons why the Japanese historically hated Koreans? As soon as you get to know them, they began stealing things. They didn't ask permission, offer to pay, or swap something in exchange. They just steal, because that's their custom. (Even though the hypocritical Korean store owners in US are so hostile against African-American that they follow them in the expectation that any black-skinned scum is a thief, and when one girl stole an orange juice container, the Korean female store owner shot the girl dead at point blank range. But if a Japanese tried something like that to a thieving Korean, watch every single Korean protest against the "evil racist" Japanese, because uniting behind their worst scoundrel is also their custom, even when the scoundrel is North Korea that's aiming nuclear missiles at them.) Another reason why the Japanese historically hated the Koreans was because they can't pronounce the letter 'b', so that "box" came out "pox", and "brick" came out perverted. The Japanese knew that it was a limitation of the Korean linguisitic, but it still produced funny, or even infuriating situations for the Japanese when they try to speak their version of the oral Japanese language. Still another reason why the Japanese hated the Koreans was their love of garlic, Garlic, GARLIC!!! Until just a day before the Korean comfort women on the front-line story came up, the Korean men were still boasting in every Korean newspaper that it was actually they, who were fighting for Japan on the front-line, which is why Korean men occasionally bring up copies of old war-time newspaper advertisements placed there by the war-time Japanese military proclaiming "Wanted: Comfort Women to Serve on the Front-Line", that western media refuses to cover. What does this has to do with garlic? The Japanese soldiers hated the Korean women because they were unpresentable (Understandable when women are forced into serving sex, and in an era before all young Korean women and many Korean men underwent plastic surgery. (Korean definition of "plastic surgery" includes hair removal, birth defect correction, and accident corrections, although if you look at Korean women before the era of plastic surgery, they all looked like bow wow dogs, although in post-War era, the South Korean general population women had to compete against the huge -- relative to the size of the general population -- million-strong South Korean sex-business women for any attention from its men, which forced all the South Korean general population women to undergo plastic surgery and come-out looking like identical copies, even if their babies look like "before".) and they stunk of GARLIC. Ugly and disfigured women can be tolerated in the dark, but because you have to breathe many times a minute, the Japanese couldn't tolerate the smell. The Korean soldiers had no trouble with it, because they were accustomed to the smell every minute of their lives. In every case, when the quotas for the comfort women couldn't be met, many unscrupulous and rothless men -- many Koreans -- kidnapped Korean women to serve as comfort women. (It's identical to the ruthless Jewish businessmen in early 20th century US who enslaved many girls and women to work in their businesses, although most history books only note that most of those girls and women were Jews from Europe, without mentioning the ethnicity of the businessmen. But Jew-bashers mention that the ruthless businessmen were Jews, without noting the ethnicity of the girls and women. In other words, both sides are biased.) The "Japanese" military men did manage those women, although many of those "Japanese" have now reverted to "Korean", under the order of US occupation force. True, the truly Japanese comfort women had better decorated accommodation than the Korean comfort women, although there weren't as many of those on the front-line, since there really weren't that many truly Japanese soldiers on the front-line until the desperate end of the war when the truly Japanese soldiers did come out of Japan when there wasn't any time for sex, although the Japanese/Korean doctors did all they can to keep the women healthy and fit (Even a few giving drugs to prevent some women from going catatonic for one reason or another.) till the end when they couldn't be helped during the chaos at the end of the War. Most of those Korean women just married those same Korean soldiers and now live in Korea, although their newspapers keep substituting "Korean soldiers" with "Japanese soldiers". 200,000 comfort women? That may be a right figure, although the intent of the truly Japanese government was to use these women to prevent its sex-crazed soldiers from raping the women in the countries that they occupied. (A few white women residing in the occupied countries were coerced into becoming comfort women, but as soon as the truly Japanese officials realized what was happening, those women were released.) And how can you tell that the Japanese men weren't sex-crazed? Look at their very low birth-rate among school girls and wives alike which comes from not having much sex -- also abortion is preferred over the hormone-disrupting birth-control pills in Japan. But the current western media is also a huge hypocrite. 200,000 women? What about the literally, literally, millions of Eastern European women who are now serving as true sex-slaves in 21st century Britain? They're suffering it now and could be rescued, but no one is lifting a finger. What about the similar number of women -- and many young girls -- in North America? Not to mention France, Albania, and the rest of Europe? Aside from a few dozen rescues a year which makes brief news, no one wants to lift a fingertip, let alone a finger for them, even though they're suffering HIV and other incurable diseases for which their slave-masters are not providing any medical treatment whatsoever? And this is still ignoring Africa (When the British slave masters put Africans in Jamaica, one-third died in the first three years because of the brutal treatment. It's on par with the North Korean prisons with similar death rate for its millions.), where tens of millions of girls and women are sex-slaves and treated worse than domesticated animals, yet no one even bothers to give a glimpse of a western media coverage, even though they're abused now and in the future, from which they can be saved, if only the western media complained and threatened to withdraw the billions of dollars of annual financial support. Don't yack about what happened which can't be changed, even if most of the fault is attributable to bitching liar Koreans. What's important isn't lamenting about biased history which can't be changed, but the huge injusticies which are rampaging throughout the world as we breathe, even if it doesn't smell of stinking garlic.

On April 03, 2007 (All the huge things are gone. Again, happy birthday to Jane Goodall, who was born in 1934. Her group found that chimpanzees hunt meat in group and make tools. It's now known that females and immature and hence weak males also make spears to hunt for meat with the knowledge passed-on through the generations. They also vocalize a simple language, although it wasn't until 2006 that they were announced as actually speaking a rudimentary language. It's partly human stupidity, because the primatologists wanted to remain utterly impartial and not impose human concepts into the chimpanzees so much that it led them to ignore and dismiss what they were doing as what people also do. Is it possible, that not that many centuries ago, when there were many more chimpanzees who passed their knowledge onto their offsprings, they made huts and lived in villages? After all, the Arabians who didn't venture deep into Africa did mention that they were little people with tails, and current Africans are still killing and eating pygmies as meat.

Also note that this was the death date of Gino P. Santi in 1997. Born circa 1916, he developed the inferior US air force pilot ejection system where you had better be tough and muscular or the force of deceleration can cripple or even kill you. The Russian system is simpler, reliable, maintenance-free, cheap, and it deflects the wind as it decelerates you to make it much better. US belief that it has to cost more to be better has doomed US to hugely expensive and useless equipments.

Instead, the story is on the very first chromosomal disease that was positively identified; mongoloid something or other as it was originally called, before they decided that it's awfully insulting to the Asians, at least among English speaking researchers. French and many other European publications appeared to be much slower in switching and insisted on calling it by the old name for a lot longer. Not that it matters much to mybookshop, who thinks it's pure fake research. Remember the reason? It started with Kiyoshi Yamashita who was born on March 10, 1922 in the municipality of Tanaka, Asakusa district, Tokyo city, Japan. While he looked like the stereotypical Syndrome sufferer, after his amazing artistic talents became known, he suddenly took-off on a travel all alone around Japan on November 18, 1939 while also writing a very detailed chronology of his travel log, ending his travel by 1954 at Kagoshima, before he took off by himself again to visit nine European countries in 1959. He died on July 12, 1971 at age 49, while his travel log was made into a very successful television series. All this was in the 1960's, when these sufferers were still dying in Euro-US when they were 25 years old. Even surviving to age 40 was an amazing feat until the 1980's when expensive medicines and treatments appeared, yet Kiyoshi realized what was causing his problem and self-treated himself with a strict diet, and it was only the real idiots around him who forced him into eating toxins that finally killed him. This led mybookshop to realize that it's only a genetic disease so far as that digestive and hence immunological functions are impaired, not a neurological genetic defect, which is what the idiots of the world believe. At least, ha-ha, that's the reason for using that word -- mongoloid -- which is no longer an acceptable word to describe the disease, because only Asians and some Africans can self-treat themselves to prevent the disease from progressing far and keep themselves alive. Unfortunately, the treatment won't work on everyone with the designated disease, because the word is a generalized terminology that covers every similarly physiologically expressed disease whose actual causes are different. People generalize, and when the same treatment doesn't treat everyone with the same named disease, the treater is called a sharlatan. That sounds like a cop-out, but remember that this is a damaged gene, and damages don't always manifest themselves identically.)

Rest In Peace to 1994: Jerome-Jean-Louis-Marie Lejeune who first found Down Syndrome to be a chromosomal abnormality from having a third chromosome number 21, dead of cancer in Paris, France. There were always people with low intelligence, but people generalized all of them, classifying them as slow-witted, dumb, moron, idiot and other words such as "dumb blonde" if they were blonde. Since the build-up of the toxic level of one compound which causes the dumb blonde symptom was already mentioned, let's talk about Down's Syndrome. It was originally noted by English physicial John Langdon Down who was a supervisor of an asylum for mentally retarded children in Surrey, England who published a paper in 1866 about one group of mentally retarded children who were cretins (It used to describe imbeciles and morons. In French slang it means physically deformed and mentally retarded people, but commonly used on regular children with disrespect, like "kid" and "brat". It's now used in English to refer to a patient whose physical and mental development was retarded or arrested due to thyroid hormone deficiency; in other words, hypo-thyroidism.) John thought that these children looked like people from Mongolia, and called them Mongoloids, and hence called it Mongoloid Syndrome. (He was mistaken, because hypo-thyroidism and Down Syndrome are two different diseases, but the word stuck and was commonly used until early 1960's when the western English researchers finally began to listen to the Asian researchers and called it "Down's Syndrome", although by the 1970's, the 's' was dropped in US and it became "Down Syndrome".) John mentioned that he was surprised to find that it wasn't described before, but it simply meant that his library did not have an extensive collection or he didn't bother to check extensively. It was already described in 1838 by Jean Etienne Dominique Esquirol (1772 - 1840) and in 1844 by Edouard Seguin (1812 - 1880). Since old paintings depict people with the characteristic faces, they probably existed for all times, but before the Industrial Revolution when the pace of life was slower and simpler, they integrated into the agricultural societies without arousing any notice. Once the concept of genes became widely accepted, and chromosomes can be seen with the microscope, it became natural to blame diseases on the defective genes, and Down Syndrome was proposed as caused by a genetic defect by Petrus Johannes Waardenburg in 1932, by Adrien Bleyer in 1934, and then by Guido Fanconi in 1938. And that's where it froze. (The reason was that when the human chromosomes were counted in the late 19th century, they thought that there were normally 48 chromosomes in each cell, and that's what everyone was taught. Then came Joe Hin Tjio [1916 - 2001], an ethnic Chinese in Java who eventually began breeding plants in Europe and counted the number of chromosomes as part of that research. During the summers, he worked under Albert Levan (1905 - 1998) at the University of Lund in Sweden as a visiting scientist. Then and there on December 22, 1955, Albert told him that there are 48 chromosomes in human cells, but he knew from counting them that there were only 46 chromosomes, and Albert also confirmed that there were only 46. Albert then wrote in the January 26, 1956 issue of the journal Hereditas about this startlingly huge blunder that went unnoticed for at least half-a-century.) Jerome was born on June 13, 1926 in Montrouge, France and became an anti-abortional pediatrician specialized in the treatment of children with Down Syndrome. That's when he went to a Copenhagen meeting where Albert talked about the huge blunder about the number of chromosomes that normally exist in each human cell. After he went back to his asylum, he simply went back to his mundane job... It only occurred to him to confirm it from one child's skin biopsy in 1959, and found that while normal people had 46, the Down Syndrome children had a third copy of chromosome 21, which can be distinguished when it curls up into small masses because of the difference in size and shape, to show that Down Syndrome is the first chromosomal disorder discovered. (J. Lejeune, R. Turpin and M. Gautier: "Le mongolisme. Premier example d'aberration autosomique humaine." In the journal Annales de genetique, Paris, 1958/1959, volume one, pages 41 - 49. And J. Lejeune, Marthe Gautier, and Raymond Alexandre Turpin: Mongolisme; une maladie chromosomique (trisomy) In the Bulletin de l'Academie nationale de medecine, Paris, 1959, volume 143, pages 256 - 265.) But by then Patricia Jacobs also announced it (Patricia A. Jacobs and J. A. Strong: "A Case of Human Intersexuality Having a Possible XXY Sex-determining Mechanism. Nature journal, 1959, volume 183, pages 302 - 303.") Physiological appearance of a Down patient is that of some Asians and are short in status (mybookshop already mentioned that Europeans were also short in status before food became plentiful following the Industrial Revolution and various technological improvements that followed, as well as the six-month Nazi induced starvation period in Dutch that led to pregnant tall women giving birth to short stature children who carried that short stature for three generations like a Lamarkian trait, and the fact that as Asians began eating lots of food by around 1950, their average statue also began to enlarge in size, bigger breasts for women, not to mention more heart disease, obesity, diabetes, cancer, allergy, and all the ailments that comes from eating too much.). In new-borns, the parents become aware that their baby is retarded by age one, and their measured intelligence quotient is usually below 50, although they're unusually happy and affectionate. 95% of Down Syndrome is this type, and up to 90% of the problem comes from the defective egg from a mother who waited until age 40 or later. (Genetic problems also occur in the male sperm, but a competitive action among all the sperms swimming to the ovum demands that only the genetically fittest sperm usually fertilizes the egg.) Of the remaining 5%, 3% to 4% of the excess chromosome 21 called trisomy 21 is Robertsonian Translocation. It's a broken chromosomes, usually the chromosome 14 and 21 which are stitched incorrectly with each other. This condition can be inherited and the person may not outwardly express it physiologically. The other 1% to 2% is mosaicism (mixture of normal and trisomal cells, indicating that the genetic defect didn't occur in the original germ cells but happened later in life while the cells were dividing.) may have IQ of 70 and greater with less marked problems. For the 95% of the cases, speech and walking may only start at age two to three. Puberty is delayed but menopause comes early. There have been many suspects as to what the excessive chromosomes are doing, but nothing concrete has been proven. Jerome also described in 1963 the "Cri du chat" syndrome ("cat's cry") also called LeJeune's Dyndrome, which is associated with an apparent severe mental, obvious physiological deficiencies and the crying sound of a kitten in pain. Jerome was with Pope John Paul II discussing abortion with on May 13, 1981 in Rome, Italy, when the Pope met the would-be killer. Jerome died on this date in 1994 in Paris. As for Joe Hin, he moved to US in 1958 and joined the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland state in 1959 where he stayed until his retirement in 1992, and died in 2001. Besides demonstrating that the western researchers might all be suffering from Down Syndrome and can't count correctly to the number 50, he didn't do anything much else.

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huge

April 3, 2006 is a HUGE day in Japan. NHK ("Nippon Hoso Kyokai", or "Nippon Broadcasting Incorporated", the Japanese television and radio broadcasting company, will start streaming 130 music tunes over the Internet on a daily basis, 9 AM to 9 PM Japan Standard Time, which runs around 14 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time that mybookshop usually sets itself to (plus or minus a hour or two). Now you don't have to rely on pirate sites to download your favorite songs from eight record labels that includes Sony Music Entertainment, Toshiba-EMI, and Pony Canyon (To those of you who never heard of the last one: You probably don't like Japanese animation.). The Copyright Law is preserved, because NHK will pay the broadcasting fee, and the songs cannot be downloaded without degrading it by converting it to analog signal before it can be digitized back to MP3. The other Japanese radio broadcasters are also preparing for the inevitable era by obtaining their own copyrights to broadcast their songs over the Internet, barring only those artists who refuse to have them over the Internet. (Japanese songs and movies in Japanese or in local languages are very popular pirate materials in Asia: Even Asians who don't understand Japanese still like listening to Japanese songs sang in Japanese. The Japanese movies are cheap and slow tempo, but there's something about the movies that seem to strike a chord.)

On April 03, 2006 (If you bought Diamond Maintenance Dog food and Diamond Premium Adult Dog food which have the "best before date" dated this chat date in 2007, as well as April 4/5 and 11, you have to return them, because they may contain fungal aflatoxin that killed dozens of dogs -- the same goes to you people who have been eating dog food, since this is slightly toxic to humans also. [Fungal toxins have been known ever since humanity began storing food, but it was usually dismissed as general "food poisoning" without identifying the exact causative agent. In 1960, over 100,000 turkeys in English poultry farms died in a few months time. At the time it was called the "Turkey X Disease" because it killed turkeys. Soon it became apparent that all the ducks and pheasants were also succumbing to the same disease. Further investigation showed that the birds which were fed Brazilian peanut meal were dying. By 1961, the causative agent was discovered to be the mold know by the Latin name of Aspergillus flavus. Since this mold name is normally abbreviated to A. flavus, the toxin from this mold was called aflatoxin. It was soon discovered that Aspergillus parasiticus also produces this toxin, and that there are four major types of aflatoxins which were designated as B1, B2, G1, and G2, as well as two more metabolites that can contaminate food and feed to cause liver damage, haemorrhage, and edema of the brain and lungs -- there are also general vomitting and abdomenal pain of food poisoning, and there may be convulsion prior to coma and death. The molds grow when there is an optimal 7% moisture in stored food and feed such as corn, rice, wheat, pearl millet, sorghum, black pepper [cayanne pepper is safe], turmeric, almond, coconut, pistachio [a lot safer than peanuts], walnut, peanuts, and milk products to name the major sources of contaminants, as well as oils derived from cotton, groundnut, soybean, and sunflower. But the most likely to contain a deadly amount is corn and peanuts.] Diamond Pet Foods manufacturing plant in the state of South Carolina which used corn to make dog food usually has one or two trucks of corn with the toxin every year out of the 12 trucks that enter through its gates every week, but starting in September 2005, they began getting one or two trucks of corn every week with the toxin. Since they don't examin every corn on the cob, they just take samples from each truck. It now appears that one truck load of corn in October 2005 had a high dosage of the toxin that was missed by this method. Because of the dire problem, they also began testing the corn samples with a fine tooth comb [a figure of speech, meaning they checked more samples] by November 30, 2005. Unbeknown to them, they had already shipped dog food with a deadly concentration of the toxins that were killing dozens of dogs. A New York veterinarian who was examining the cause of the dog deaths finally realized that the dog was killed by the dog food and alerted the company in December 2005, which led the company to issue a general recall. [Highly sensitive detection methods are not useful, because the guidelines allow for some toxin in the dog food, as long as it's not enough to kill them.] Using the more painstaking method, they found that these two brands dated this chat date in 2007, as well as April 4/5, and 11 contained the toxin. Just to be sure, they're asking people to return all brands and dates anyway. By January 8, 2006, they began checking the finished products. Aflatoxin is extremely toxic to animals which are used to eating only fresh feed, since it was only a few decades ago that they began manufacturing pet foods using good manufacturing practices [GMP] that are only stringent enough to assure human safety. [Pale-skinned Asians and Caucasians had to eat stored foods which inevitably became contaminated with mold during the harsh winters, leading those humans who were susceptible to aflatoxins to die-out thousands of years ago. Dark-skinned people whose ancestors didn't have to eat stored food are more susceptible.] If you ate toxic dog food by mistake [or because you love the taste, or because you had to...], you're likely safe because humans in general have a huge tolerance, although you ate enough, you might get cancer or other diseases that will eventually kill you.

No huge actor, singer, nor book author today. Those who are/were, were already covered. That means getting back to the boring "huge" things which were originally on the schedule board for today.)

1932: This is the date (give or take a day or two or more) that Charles Glenn King at the University of Pittsburgh isolated Vitamin C at the same time as Albert Szent-Gyorgi. Charles was born on October 22, 1896, in the village of Entiat, Washington state, US (Current population is only a bit over 1,000, up from about 957 back in 2000). I don't know if they existed back then, but if he was to go to school now, he would have went to the Paul Rumburg Elementary School that accepts kindergartener to grade six that at 2650 Entiat Way. Then go to the Entiat Junior/Senior High School for up to grade 12, which is also at 2650 Entiat Way. But back then, they only had up to grade 11 in a school with one room, so he went to the nearby Washington State University instead of going to grade 12. He went into the army during World War I, which delayed his Bachelor of Science degree until 1918. He then went to the University of Pittsburgh for his Master of Science degree in 1920 and Ph.D. in 1923. As you know, western sailors were newbies who only began sailing recently in historic perspectives, so they kept suffering a mysterious illness known as scurvy, which resulted in their teeth falling out and then dying. (Chinese sailors have been sailing for 2,000 years, so they simply allowed beans to germinate on their ships to make bean sprouts which manufacture vitamin C in the process. Since the Japanese sailors have been sailing much longer, as you probably saw from that purported ancient Chinese world map which has Japan in the center of the world map, they probably learned about the beneficial property from the Japanese sailors who learned about it on a trial and error basis. Old Chinese maps and Indian maps imagined that the world was flat and supported by some huge animals, since they were land-locked countries where they couldn't see the sea horizon curving around them in all directions, which also led many of them to fear falling-off the edge of the world. Island countries never feared falling-off the edge because they always knew that the world was round, which also made them adventurous.) Western science eventually learned that lemon and lime can prevent scurvy -- the article was already covered many years ago -- without understanding why these citrus fruits had anti-scorbic activities. Eventually, it was found that guinea pigs fed a monotonous diet that was lacking fresh fruits and vegetables also contracted scurvy. By 1932, Charles was studying what fraction of preparation in lemon juice had this anti-scorbic activity.

Meanwhile, Albert (Born on September 16, 1893 in Budapest, Hungary, died on October 22, 1986) was studying anatomy and became an army medic in World War I, although he shot himself in the army in 1916 and claimed that was wounded in battle, so that he can be sent home. he eventually went to the Cambridge University in Britain where he received his Ph.D. in 1927 for isolation of something that he called "hexuronic acid" from adrenal gland. He then got a position at the University of Szeged in 1931 and saw that this acid had an anti-scorbic activity. It appeared that Charles' anti-scorbic acid which was contracted to ascorbic acid was the same as hexuronic acid. But for some reason, when a third researcher checked, it was declared that the two are different chemicals -- some contaminant in either sample may have thrown-off the verification process. Both men were adamant that their chemical was the long-sought vitamin C which was what responsible for preventing scurvy and published their own papers to that effect, first Charles, and then Albert. Ever since, a long controversy began on whether both men deserve equal credit for discovering what vitamin C was. For the common people suffering scurvy, that wasn't important, but knowing what the chemical structure of vitamin C allowed Tadeus Reichstein (1897 - 1996) of Poland to artificially synthesize vitamin C in 1933 while he was teaching organic chemistry at the University of Basel in Switzerland. That first synthesis of vitamin C also became mired in a similar controversy because Walter Norman Haworth (1883 - 1950) of England also synthesized vitamin C in 1933. Regardless of to whom the discovery goes, North American calls the alternative name for vitamin C as ascorbic acid, and the other name used by Albert isn't used, although in 1937, Albert received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery in connection with the biological combustion process with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid. Charles would continue working on vitamin B and other works on fats and enzymes. Charles left the University in 1942 to become the first scientific director of the Nutrition Foundation Incorporated. Charles also hellped create the US Drug Administration's Plant, Soil, and Nutrition Laboratory in Ithaca, New York state, as well as the Food and Nutrition Board, Food Protection Committee, International Union of Nutritional Sciences, and other groups and committees, as well as serving in the advisory council to the National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases. Charles retired from Nutrition Foundation in 1963 to become the associate director of the Institute of Nutrition Sciences. Vitamin C itself is now synthesized in huge amounts and added into preserved fruits and vegetable to prevent them from oxidizing. Charles died on October 22, 1988. As for Albert; being a Hungarian Jew, he joined the anti-German resistance fighters during World War II. After the War, he was so well known that there were some people speculating if he might run for presidency, but the Communist rule prevented it and he fled to US in 1947, where he started a laboratory at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, with help from Hungarian businessman Stephen Rath. In 1948, he also began working at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland state. In 1950, he started the Institute for Muscle Research. By the late 1950's, he began doing stupid research on using the theories of quantum physics to determine the biochemistry of cancer. (It's not "stupid" because the 20/20 hindsight proved that it produced no useful result, but because he totally ignored all the traditional treatments for cancer which should have been correlated with his research to find out what was about the traditional treatments that worked for cancer, which would have enlightened him with the realization that cancer was using free radicals, and that's why anti-oxidants such as vitamin C [works in a water medium] and vitamin E [works in an oil medium] have some effect upon cancer, but that the fact that cancer can adapt to defeat statical chemical attacks indicates that it is a living entity, a parasite which produces free radicals to digest its victim, meaning you. The ancient people ate so many diverse plants, some of which was bound to contain something which killed these parasites of which there are around 200 types, that it wasn't a problem until the person became old. Now that current people insist on eating clones with very limited number of beneficial chemicals, and often subsist on meat products which have no such beneficial chemicals, cancer has become something that even affects new-born babies.) Albert died on October 22, 1986 in Woods Hole, never having realized that his ignorance of ancient foods that prevented cancer was his huge blunder, just like everyone else who now dies from stupid cancer.

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Huge

The creator of the huge television hit situation comedy; "The Beverly Hillbillies" (1962 - 1971), Paul Henning (1911 - 2005), died of natural causes at age 93. As a youth, he went to a camping trip where he heard of a poor family living off the land before they found oil on their property, and turned that into the huge hit show.

If Hyundai is as huge a company as the South Korean media makes it out to be, why does it still insist on trying to claim that it sounds like "Honda" of Japan? (Yeah, especially since this car maker is called "Gendai" in Japan, with the 'g'.) But it's not the only company that's trying to claim Japanese descent of some sort. Aside from British and African companies that also try to sound Japanese, over 110 Hong Kong registered Chinese companies are registering huge Japanese company names like Hitachi, Matsushita, Toshiba, and Sanyo, and names very similar to those as their own company names, and the Hong Kong office of registrar is allowing it. It doesn't matter if you complain to their court of law that declares it illegal, since those companie still get to keep their name and continue to produce shoddy copies that give the impression that the huge Japanese companies are making defective goods.

Last time we heard of Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation, it had hid a huge list of defects from investigators. When confronted with the evidences, they admitted to the problems, and then claimed that that was it, although the investigators doubted it. It turned out that they did hide 25 other accidents involving defective parts to add to all the suspicions that the problem is even more huge than previously admitted. (I've seen Mitsubishi parts. I'll bet they're made in China and other neighboring countries. They might even be fake parts that Mitsubishi bought on purpose, just because they were cheape.)

On April 03, 2005 (The continuing theme of "huge" is used to tell the tale of a man who made a huge contribution to the medical science, although even if you're a physician, you probably don't know or remember him at all.)

Happy birthday to 1778: Pierre-Fidele Bretonneau, French epidemiologist whom in 1825 performed the first successful tracheotomy, involving an incision into the windpipe through the neck to bypass a blockage to allow for easier breathing. Naturally, the only reason why he's worth mentioning now and not before is because the current Pope in the Vatican had tracheotomy to raise the public's awareness of this surgical procedure so that this is no longer a trivial event that only a few surgeons care to discuss. He was born in the village of Saint-Georges-sur-Cher in the region of Touraine in France, to a long line of physicians, with early education through tutors, one of whom tore his ear. In 1795 at age 17, he went to Paris to enter the Ecole de Sante (Health school) where he learned natural science and biology, although the polluted air of Paris didn't agree with him and he only stayed two years before he went to the nonagenarian Madam Louise Marie Madeline Fontaine Dupin's Chenonceaux Castle who managed to live through the French Revolution's guillotine (Louise Marie Madeline Fontaine Dupin was born on October 28, 1706 to banker father Samuel Bernard and mother Marie Anne Armande de Fontaine in Paris, France. In 1722 she married Claude Dupin with whom they had a son, Jacques Armand in 1727. Claude bought this Castle in 1733 where she fostered the growth of writers with the intent of writing the history of women in history with the help of the likes of Jean Jacques Rousseau before giving up on it by 1750. Claude died in 1769, and she also died on November 20, 1799.). When she died, he again went back to the school in Paris where he also learned to blow glass to make thermometer, make a barometer and using an endoscope, although he delayed getting his medical degree, so that by 1801, he was just a simple health officer in Chenouceaux where smallpox was plaguing the town (divisible into variola major where up to 30% death rate can be expected, and variola minor which has the same symptoms but 1% or less death rate can be expected). While sporadic vaccinations for smallpox exists throughout history, by 1796, Edward Jenner from Britain proved that the use of cowpox extract appears to be effective, and had popularized vaccination all around Europe by 1800, so Pierre-Fidele began vaccinating the children in town. By 1803, he had vaccinated over 300 children over six months, of whom only one child had a bad reaction to make him famous for saving the children from a deadly plague (the town-folks of his didn't know if this was variola major or minor, so it may have been that the crude vaccine worked on variola major, or it was just variola minor for which his vaccine received the credit for saving the children). He would later marry nonagenarian Mrs. Dupin's heiress, who was still 25 years older than him. He would setup a chemistry laboratory and nature study workshop where he would study ants and bees, although whenever another plague visits the town, he would devote himself to learning all he can about it to earn himself much admiration from the people for his medical knowledge. As a result, Mrs. Dupin's nephew and governor of Touraine persuaded him to continue with his interrupted study to become a physician, so that he grudgingly went back to the School in Paris to learn Latin and all the old literatures. After being allowed to skip three exams, he received his medical degree in 1815 at age 36. Later that year, his friends and admirers made him the Chenonceaux hospital doctor, much to his chagrin. Although he didn't like being a doctor and wanted to resign, the 1818 and 1819 plague of typhoid fever and diphteria made him devote himself into finding out all about it. With typhoid, he found that the disease which were previously described as a variation of typhoid was actually another disease that he described accurately to allowed others to distinguish typhus from typhoid. He was also the first to clinically describe diphtheria (which was previously known by the general term of croup) which he realized was a contagious disease because people around him contracted it. The distinguishing mark of diphtheria is that it's a bacteria that affects the nose, mouth and throat, causing a membrane to grow in the throat to make it hard to swallow food or drink, and eventually difficult to breathe. Left untreated, 10% of the patient will die when the bacteria produces a toxin that paralyses the body and heart. By 1825, he found that making an incision in the neck below the larynx (voice box) and inserting a hollow tube allows a patient to breathe and not destroy the ability to talk after the disease has passed its course. (Although other physicians will copy him, they regarded this as a very dangerous procedure that was not to be performed until the very last moment when the patient had no other option left, by which time the lack of oxygen to the brain had turned the patient brain-dead and in a vegetative state if lucky, and often already dead. Those who performed it also argued about the merits of making the incision below the larynx and above. Even in the 1850's, because this procedure was performed when the patient was already dying and without antibiotics to treat infections, only a quarter of the patients survived, which fueled the belief among these brain-dead physicians that tracheotomy itself killed the patient, so that others such as Joseph Dwyer [1841 - 1898] was trying other methods such as stuffing a tube down the trachea [windpipe] in 1885 to treat diphtheria which was killing large number of children, despite the vomiting reflex that the tube induces. [It sounds really stupid in hindsight, but 21st century surgeons are still making stupid decisions which result in needless and preventable deaths that are making the current medical news.]) In 1826, he would also write a treatise explaining how to distinguish scarlet fever from diphtheria, to slowly bring about the realization that for each contagious disease, there is a unique and specific germ that gives rise to the disease. By 1855, he wrote his germ theory of disease, that went largely unnoticed in current medical history books which tend to credit Louis Pasteur (1822 - 1895) with having discovered that germs give rise to diseases decades later, when in fact Louis had simply read books and treatises by the great luminaries of his era and rejected those which sounded preposterous and concentrated on the correct ones, such as what Pierre-Fidele had written many decades ago. Pierre-Fidele also brought about the use of cod liver oil to treat rickets and other treatments which are still used as "old wives'" treatments. When he retired, he went back to his garden and observing the ants and bees that used to fascinate him when he was young. In 1857 at age 79, he married an 18 years old girl, an age gap even greater than his previous wife's age. With senility creeping up upon him, he died in his apartment in Passy on February 18, 1862.

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23 years old Natel King of Meadowvale in the city of Mississauga in the province of Ontario in Canada who went by the name of Taylor Sumers was found naked and with deep wounds on her chest and neck, as well as cuts on her hands that appeared to be from her attempt to protect herself. Originally from Newfoundland, she was living in Mississauga since 1994 at age 13, having went to high school at Father Michael Goetz and Port Credit and taking correspondence course at Memorial university in Newfoundland in psychology before using her body to earn money to go to regular university. She had went to do a bondage shooting in the suburb of Conshohocken next to Philadelphia where 46 years old Anthony Joseph Frederick of Eagleville and his assistant, 29 years old Jennifer Mitkus of Oaks took photographs on February 29, 2004. It was also the date that she told her room mate Curtis Shears back in Mississauga that she was fearing for her life. When she did not talk to Curtis later, Curtis reported her missing on March 4, 2004 to the Peel Regional Police (Mississauga, Oakville and other cities and towns form the region of Peel) which contacted the Conshohocken Police which found her 1992 red Saturn car on March 5, 2004. Her naked body was found on March 23, 2004 dumped near the Schuylkill River near Philadelphia, Pennnsylvania. Her father, Daniel King of Mississauga, had warned her daughter about the danger of adult movies, but she thought that she was smart enough to know how to avoid "huge blunders". She wasn't smart; she was stupid. You're only smart when you live to tell about it, not when you die. Her remains will be buried in Newfoundland, next to her grandfather's remains, Lawrence Senior, who died only a few days ago in March, having outlived his grand-daughter by mere weeks.

On April 03, 2004 (On this chat date in 2004, Patrick Miller and Gregory D. Benson at the University of San Francisco want 1,200 volunteers to bring their computers to the Koret Gym at the university so that they can plug them into a network and turn them into an instant "cup-a-noodle" supercomputer that's powerful enough to go into the list of the 500 fastest supercomputers in the world. John Witchel came-up with the idea, but being a student, the other two above has the authority and gets the credits for something that gets 550 gigaflops, or 0.55 teraflops. Assuming that starving students can bring enough expensive, low-power consuming laptop computers that's at least 1.3 GHz in speed, they will run a program to solve a standard problem to prove that it's as fast as they claim. It's a huge task, but also easy because they're going to use off-the-shelf equipments. And cheap, because the starving students have to pay for them out of their own pockets. As mybookshop already said, these don't compare to NEC's Earth Simulator because the computers will be fiddling their fingers while they wait for data to be transferred and distributed to each other in a real situation. Despite Moore's Law on increasing computing power at diminishing resource requirements, you still get what you paid for. Yet because it's so easy to get such high theoretical computing power at low cost, there's a huge upwelling of attempts to make supercomputers in countries like Spain, China, and U of SF, that never had the technological prowess to make a dedicated supercomputer. Because of the data bottle-neck that causes diminished return with each added PC, you can't just plug-in a million laptops to get anywhere near 1,000 teraflops or even 100 teraflops, and even if you did, it'll cost a few billion dollars [That's great for countries like North Korea that can get enough money to buy laptops from its drug operations and power generators to power it up but has no technology to make a real supercomputer, but it's not for anyone else. It's workable for restricted graphic applications that's conducive to parallel processing like ray-tracing; which is why Sony's Cell chip will use it.]

What's the point in brabbing all this, other than filling pages? To say that there's a huge blundering path that supercomputing is taking. That from now on, anyone who connect store-bought computers or even game consoles can make a supercomputer without doing any more research and development. It doesn't work that way, at least not until the basic unit of computing is done by an artificial neuron that's organized into neural functions and systems. "Huge blunder" is a good example for a theme for today.)

1995: Speaking of huge blunder, there was that minor robbery this chat date in 1995 that involved a robbery at Bertie County of the town of Aulander in the state of North Carolina in US. It all started with 20 years old drug addict Alan Gell who was arrested on April 2, 1995 for stealing a tractor, although he was then released that same night. The next day, retired truck driver Allen Ray Jenkins was supposed to have been robbed and shot twice and die on the spot. 20 years old Alan was no where to be seen on this chat date until 9 PM when he, 15 years old Crystal Morris, and his girlfriend, 15 years old Shanna Hall, went together in a truck at the Red Apple Convenience store in Bertie county, till 9:30 PM when they went to Shanna's grandmother's house. On April 4, 1995, Alan and Shanna drive a truck to the states of Virginia and then Maryland to buy narcotic drugs (20 years old Alan had a drug habit of up to $400 a day that he had to obtain by theft), although on April 6, 1995, 20 years old Alan is jailed at the Bertie-Martin regional jail for the theft on April 6, 1995, till April 20, 1995. On April 8, 1995, Mary Hunt see retired Allen outside her office in the town of Aulander. On April 9, 1995, retired Allen's neighbor, Bob Hunt also see retired Allen cooking fish with friends in the back yard. Retired Allen knew and often drunk booze with 15 years old Crystal, but 20 years old Alan didn't know retired Allen at this time. Then on April 14, 1995, retired Allen was found dead and decomposing at home. 17 witnesses were found who said that retired Allen was alive from April 7, 1995 till April 10, 1995. Because US police make a habit of arresting and executing people whom they knew were innocent -- just so that they can claim credits and improve their career -- it became a federal offense to knowingly withholding evidences that proves a person is innocent since 1963. (It's still not only legal to arrest and charge an innocent person with killing someone else, but is the standard practice to keep hounding an innocent person with sensory overwhelming and threats and coercions and lying by promising that confessing will lead to release in order to make them confess to killing. The good-guy/bad-guy carrot&stick coercion technique is known as the "Mutt and Jeff", which is an appropriate comment because the cartoonist who created "Mutt and Jeff', Bud Fisher, was born on this chat date in 1884. He died on September 7, 1954, but his legacy still survives. It's the standard technique because unlike television police who are smart and logical, the real police are selected for their stupidity so that they don't get bored and quit after the huge amount of money was invested into training them. When you're stupid, the easy way is to grab hold of anyone and claim that person as guilty, and then let some crooked lawyer make up some story.) But this is a paper-tiger law that has no tooth nor claw, and flaunted by every police and judge. Crystal and Shanna were arrested for this chat date robbery. On May 5, 1995, Crystal told the police that her ex-boyfriend 20 years old Alan told her that Alan killed the retired Allen. On May 7, 1995, 20 years old Alan was arrested in Bradenton in Florida for eating at a Pizza Hut without paying the bill. Using Crystal's confession, Alan was charged with murder. On May 17, 1995, police taped Crystal's telephone conversation with her boyfriend Gary Scott in which she twice refused to answer to Gary who killed retired Allen, but since Gary insisted that she should make clear that Gary wasn't involved, she mentioned that she'll make up a story to get a reduced sentence. (Being a 15 years old minor, Crystal could get away with murder. Crystal may not have known that, but the police and the prosecuting lawyer knew that.) On July 1, 1995, the police ask 20 years old Alan if he killed the retired Allen. Naturally, 20 years old Alan denied any involvement, and since 20 years old Alan was no where on the scene, there was no fingerprint or any other evidence physical evidence, but Crystal and Shanna showed the police where the shotgun and other items used in the robbery was in July 1995, so those were used as evidence to charge 20 years old Alan with first-degree murder on August 1, 1995. Since 20 years old Alan was in jail on April 2 and April 4 through April 20, the police decided that Alan killed Allen on this chat date in 1995. Crystal and shanna get their first-degree murder charge on killing retired Allen reduced to a second-degree murder charge and are given nine years and nine months sentence in August 1997. Alan's trial began on February 2, 1998. The defense lawyer ask for the charges and evidences. The prosecuting lawyer only provide nine of the 17 witnesses, while withholding the recording that proved that Crystal was lying. With only partial evidences available, Alan was found guilty on February 25, 1998, and sentenced on March 2, 1998. It was on October 11, 2000 that Attorney General Roy Cooper handed over all the evidences to Alan's defense lawyers, who finally found out that eight other witnesses were never called to testify, and the transcripts of that secret telephone conversation. Using this new evidence, the Bertie County Superior Court judge threw out the old case on December 9, 2002 and ordered a new trial, which began on February 3, 2004. On February 4, 2004, Crystal still insisted that she saw Alan kill Allen. On February 5, 2004, Shanna also said that she saw Alan kill Allen, but the details on how it took place contradicted what Crystal said and what Shanna herself said back in 1998. Among the current fad in criminal investigation is forensic entomology, and an entomologist used the blowfly larvae types present to estimate that retired Allen was killed on April 9, 1995 or April 10, 1995. Along with experts such as Murray Marks at the University of Tennessee who study human decomposition who also testified that retired Allen died between April 8, 1995 to April 10, 1995, Alan, who is now 28 years old, is acquitted on February 18, 2004. About that 1963 federal law. Does anyone remember that the police and the prosecuting lawyer have committed a federal offense and must be jailed? Or is this just one more case where US police is above the law?

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There's a huge market for illegal movies on VHS and DVD. Many of them are made by someone bringing in a video camera into a movie theater and then taping it off the screen. But, what you don't realize is that Hollywood is allowing it. Why? Who knows. But the solution to prevent such straight-from-the-screen copying is really simple: Just flash the screen with lots of infra-red light emitting diodes. It's the cheap type that's used for remote controls. (or replace the heat filter in the projector with a partial filter that allows this wavelength of infra-red light to pass-through when it's projected onto the screen). The human eye is completely unaware of the infra-red light, but video cameras are sensitive to it so that it records it as red, green or other flashing colored-light. It makes the movie completely unrecordable. The technology is simple and can be installed into the movie projector with no problem. The fact that Hollywood isn't demanding it shows you that they're lying when they claim that they're against movie piracy. Movie piracy is only a huge problem because Hollywood is permitting it.

On April 03, 2003 (Huge.)

2002: McDonald's of Japan announced that it had stopped all Chicken McNugget sales in Japan after a fowl epidemic appeared in US where McDonald's Japan was importing its chicken. Because of the avian flu that killed six people in 1997 in Hong Kong that led to the slaughter of 1.4 million chickens which were imported from mainland China, when reports of a fowl epidemic appeared in Virginia, US, the Japanese government banned all US chicken on March 18, 2002. Although the government lifted the ban on March 29, 2002 from all states except Maine, Pennsylvania and Virginia, McDonald's Japan was forced to stop importing from US altogether, because 90% of the 3,800 McDonald's Japan imported its chicken from Virginia. The fow epidemic from Virginia is different from the avian flu from China, because Americans don't live under the same roof with pigs and birds like the Chinese so that a virus has harder time jumping from a bird to human, but people tend to generalize and think that a fowl epidemic needs an avian flu, and that led to this problem. But then McDonald's everywhere is suffering from too many restaurants chasing after too few customers, so it's only a matter of time before they start failing.

2002: There's nothing beautiful about being obese or overweight, as the Journal of the American Medical Association mentions in volume 287:13, pages 1706 through 1709, because the fat cells produce a large amount of leptin that causes blood clots which produces heart attacks and strokes, said Daniel T. Eitzman et al of the University of Michigan Medical School. Leptin is an appetite suppressing hormone that the fat cells make, so that the fatter you get the more and bigger fat cells and hence more leptin is produced to suppress appetite. But if you still insist on eating despite it, then your body becomes resistant to leptin so that you continue to eat. Daniel's group was just looking to see why fat mice have high blood clotting, and the mice that was chosen happened to be missing the ability to produce leptin and it turned out that the mice took twice as long to clot as regular mice. When mice which had no leptin receptor was used, they also took longer to clot. This much made it suspicious that leptin was a factor in the blood clotting system which is known to be very complex and not yet fully understood. So when leptin was injected into the two strains of mice, their blood clotted like normal mice. It meant that fat people with excess fat cells produce so much leptin that the very act of sitting down may cause blood clots to form in the body. Conversely, if you're excessively skinny, then you may bleed to death from a simple paper-cut. Since the World Health Organization published a report on March 3, 2003 that 300 million people are obese and one billion people are overweight, that's a lot of sedentary life that's in danger, even while the rest of the world -- especially Africa -- is starving to death, because even the common AIDS is nothing compared to ubiquitous starvation with the accompanying bleeding to death.

2003: "Robodex 2003" at the Pacifico Yokohama hall in the Minato mirai area of Yokohama begins until April 6, 2003. Among the exhibits is a meter tall robot by the name of Wakamaru that's designed to take care of the invalid and the sick. The self-recharging, wheeled-robot uses its camera to recognize its master and can talk in person or over the cellular telephone to do simple chores. It's to be sold in April 2004 for about $8,000 with hope to sell 10,000 of them, but since it's made by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, don't hold too much hope. After all, Mitsubishi Motor was the company that hid all the car defects to avoid having to recall them to repair them, and Mitsubishi Heavy Industry is the one that made the Diamond Princess luxury liner that went up in flame: The group of people who caused the fire didn't check to see if there was anything flammable before they began the welding job and they kept having one accidental fire after another until one of the fires finally ignited the entire ship. Mitsubishi simply can't be trusted with anything huge like a car or a ship. About the maximum that they can be trusted at, is a $99 VCR.

Happy birthday to 1904: Iron Eyes Cody, born as Espera DeCorti to Italian immigrant father Antonio DeCortii and mother Francesca Salpietra in the town of Kaplan in Louisiana, actor best remembered for the Keep America Beautiful advertisement "People Start Pollution, People Can Stop It" originally broadcast on television for the second anniversary Earth Day in 1971. In 1909, Antonio took off and abandoned Francesca, so she married Alton Abshire. Espera and two of his brothers, Frank Henry and Joseph William, later took off and joined their biological father who had changed his name to Tony Corti, so they also changed their last names to Corti. He first appeared in the movies with "Back to God's Country" (1919) as an extra. After Antonio died, they went to Los Angeles to work in Hollywood in 1924. Espera's brothers couldn't find much jobs, but Espera himself found that he could get lots of jobs playing a native, eventually doing about 200 movies such as "Oklahoma Jim" (1931), "The Return of Chandu" (1934), "Hawk of the Wilderness" (1938), "Northwest Mounted Police" (1940), " Western Union" (1941), "Springtime in the Rockies" (1942), "Don Winslow of the Navy" (1942), "Unconquered" (1947), "The Paleface" (1948) and "Son of Paleface" (1952). Then it became no play as he became a native. In 1936 he married Bertha Parker, a native woman (she died in 1978 and he married Wendy Foote in 1992 to 1993) and adopted two native boys as his own and always left home in his moccasins and the native head piece to stress his claim to be a Cree-Cherokee native who was born at Fort Gibson iin Oklahoma. He went to native charity funds, talk about the dangers of alcohol and teach young natives about native traditions and customs. The native community in Hollywood honored him for his huge contributions to the native cause in 1995, knowing fully well that he was not a native because his fund raising, native awareness speeches and other works made him more valuable than his true background. As a result, when his half-sister from that second marriage publicized about his true background in 1996, it hardly caused a dent. Espera died on January 5, 1999 at 1:30 PM Pacific Standard Time at his home in the Los Feliz part in Los Angeles at age 94.

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On April 03, 2002 (Unlike the dearth of choices which has become the rule, there was an overabundance of selections to make a theme, so it's "Famous" this time around.)

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Happy birthday to 1924: Doris Day, born as Doris Mary Ann Von Kappelhoff to German Catholic parents in Hamilton county, Cincinnati, Ohio. Doris' parents divorced when she was eight so that she had a mother but not a father. At age 12, she won $500 in a pair dancing talent contest that she did with Jerry Doherty which led her to go to Hollywood. When she returned at age 14, she had a car accident which incapacitated her for a year in a hospital so that she could not be a ballet dancer. At 16, she began singing with the Les Brown Band, where she soon married Al Jorden at age 17 in 1941, a violent man whom she soon divorced by 1943 (Since women have a strong tendency to marry men who look, behave and even smell like their fathers, well, you figure it out.). But the bandleader Artie Shaw encouraged her to become an actress. In 1946, she married George Weidler, at least, for eight months. Doris' debut movie was "Romance On The High Seas" (1948, Warner Brothers) when she became a last minute replacement for Betty Hutton, where she met Marty Melcher, whom she married in 1951 on this chat date at age 27 and who also became her agent. Her blonde hair and good look got her into "Calamity Jane" (1953) and "Young at Heart" (1954). Her 1956 movie "The Man Who Knew Too Much" with Jimmy Stewart included her song "Que Sera Sera", which became her trademark song that she was associated with the rest of her life (Hey, hey, she's not dead... is she?) The series of movies that marked her down-fall in her career were pushed on her by Marty and they're the movies which she starred with Rock Hudson and Cary Grant, although they are now fondly remembered by those who reminisce about Doris, such as "Pillow Talk" (1959), "Lover Come Back" (1962), "That Touch of Mink" (1962), "Please Don't Eat the Daisies" (1960), "Send Me No Flowers" (1964), "The Glass Bottom Boat" (1966) and "With Six You Get Eggroll" (1968). By the time Marty died in 1968, she found out that Marty had mismanaged her money as well as her career and that she was in debt by several thousand dollars and no one wanted her to appear in movies. As a result, she did the successful "The Doris Day Show" (1968 - 1973). By 1974, her lawsuit against her ex-lawyer and manager, Jerome B. Rosenthal, led her to be awarded $22.8 million for the mess that Marty left her, which was eventually settled at $6 million. In 1976, she wrote "Doris Day: My Own Story" and then did the cable show "Doris Day and Friends" (1985, not that good). She married Barry Comden from 1976 to 1980. Now she's running the Doris Day Animal Foundation in Carmel, California.

Happy birthday to 1924: Marlon Brando, born in Omaha, Nebraska as the third child to Irish Marlon Brando and Dorothy Pennebaker Brando, best remembered for "Godfather". In 1935, his parents separated and she and Marlon went to Santa Ana, Orange county, California. His parents got back together by 1937 and they moved to Libertyville, Illinois. By 1940, he was at the Shattuck Military Academy in Fairbult, Minnesota, although he was discharged for insubordination, so that he went to New York in 1943 to enter the Dramatic Workshop of the New School for Social Research, where Stella Adler taught him the Konstantin Stanislavsky method of acting. His stage career began in 1944 with "Hannele" where he played Jesus, before he did the Rodgers and Hammerstein production "I Remember Mama" for the next two years. Then in 1946 he played in "Truckline Cafe", "Candida" and "A Flag is Born" on how Israel was founded -- this impressed him so much that he worked for the Jewish movement to get Jews established in Israel. His fame came when he played Stanley Kowalski in Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire" (1947). He was also Marc Antony in "Julius Caesar" (1953) and Napoleon in "Desiree" (1954), a gambler in "Guys and Dolls" (1955, Fletcher Christian in the 1962 version of "Mutiny on the Bounty". While he also did "The Ugly American" (1963), he became a mostly forgotten has-been until he played Don Corleone in "The Godfather" (1972). He also did a gunman in "The Missouri Breaks" (1976) and even Jor-El, Kal-El (aka Superman, aka Clark Kent)'s father. His movies since then, such as "Apocalypse Now" (1979), "A Dry White Season" (1989), "The Freshman" (1990) and "The Island of Dr. Moreau" (1996) have not lived up to his past glories. Speaking of Marlon Brandon and a sayonara to this article,

Happy birthday to 1929: Miyoshi Umeki, born in the northern island of Hokkaido in Japan, actress best remembered as Mrs. Livingston in "The Courtship of Eddie's Father" with Bill Bixby in 1969. She grew up in US to become a singer in nightclubs and then television. Her debut was in "Sayonara" (1957). Based on James Mishener's book, it's the story of officially encouraged racism which was rampant when an American soldier, Red Buttons, married a Japanese woman during the Korean war. Marlon Brando played US Air Force Major Lloyd Gruver who went to Japan to find that many US soldiers married Japanese women despite orders against it, including his friend Joe Kelly (played by Red Buttons). Lloyd also married Hana-ogi (played by Miiko Taka). Incidentally, there were many non-fiction cases where such women went to live in US, where their soldier husbands then deserted them and their children, so that the women had to survive on menial jobs and survive by eating dog food. Miyoshi won an Oscar for this fictional "happy ever after" movie and then played Mei Li in Rodgers and Hammersteins' "Flower Drum Song" which was also made into a movie in 1961. "The Horizontal Lieutenant" (1961), "Cry for Happy" (1961) and "A Girl Named Tamiko" (1962) rounded up her movies until she appeared as Mrs. Livingston.

Happy birthday to 1934: Jane Goodall, born in London, England to engineer father Mortimer and author mother Vanne, best remembered for her National Geographics television shows with African chimpanzees. Her parents moved to Bournemouth near the sea shortly after she was born, but she was already fascinated with animals, so that when she was 18 months old, Vanne found that Jane brought earthworms into her bed. Vanne was very understanding and told her that the worms must be taken back where she found them or they'll die. At age two, she received a life-size and life-like toy chimpanzee called Jubilee (named after a chimpanzee born in the London Zoo) which intensified her interest in animals. By age four, she was removing some fresh eggs from a chicken coop when she wondered where the eggs come from, so she hid in the coop for four hours while her parents called the police to say that Jane was missing. When Jane came out of her hiding to explain to her mother, Vanne was also patient with Jane and listened to her story instead of scolding her. She also developed a fascination with books such as "Dr. Doolittle", "Tarzan" and "The Jungle Book" which made her fascinated with African animals. She went to school to become a secretary but when she had an opportunity to go to Kenya, she worked as a waitress to earn the money to go to Nairobi, Kenya at age 23 in 1957 to become a secretary. In 1958, she heard of anthropologist Louis Leakey whom she met and who hired her as his assistant. She was selected because she had no knowledge of primatology so that she would not be encumbered by that era's preconceived idea of savage chimpanzees which kill each other and their young. (Primatologists of that era studied chimpanzees inside tiny cages which plucked out their fur and behaved savagely toward each other and considered that as their normal behavior in the wild. Humans in such non-stimulating and boring environment would also behave irrationally, but the primitive primatologists of that era assumed that chimpanzees are so stupid that they don't have concept of boredom or other traits considered as uniquely human. Now it's known that pigs need to be given balls to play their own "soccer", and even chickens need to be entertained.) After a short stay in Olduvai Gorge, she and Louis were discussing about the himpanzees around Lake Tanganyika in what is now Tanzania, and sent her to do it over the objections of authorities who didn't want a young woman living with wild animals (they finally rescinded when Jane's mother, Vanne, agreed to stay with Jane for the first three months). Beginning in July 1960, they were at the Gombe National Park, although the chimpanzees who were used to being hunted as food by the African natives fled. By October 1960, she saw through her binoculars a male chimpanzee (whom she called David Greybeard, the British way of writing "gray") eating something pink, while two female chimpanzees seemed to be begging for this pink food. It turned out that the pink food was a baby bush pig, in an era when it was believed that chimpanzees only eat vegetables and fruits. (Now it's now known that deers and sheeps will also eat baby birds and other animals when given the opportunity, as mentioned in a February 2002 issue of British Birds as written by Niall Burton. It's theorized that they eat animals when they live on soils poor in calcium and other minerals so that they have to supplement their grass diet with occasional meat, but over the many decades, there were many anecdotal stories of rabbits which seem to be intentionally eating grass hoppers and other insects on grass.). She reported the news to Louis who immediately sent her more supplies to continue with her research. Then just a few weeks later, she saw David select a tough leaf which David then peeled and shaped it into a shovel to dig out the termite hill to get at the termites in their nest. In that era when it was believed that only humans use tools, let alone make tools, this became a startling news which caused all books on the subject to be rewritten, but the books I had to study were already rewritten so it wasn't necessary for me to buy new books. (It's now known that when given honey or other liquid nourishment, the chimpanzees will also chew the tip to make it bulky and spongy so that it can absorb the liquid. It's now known that even supposedly dumb birds will also strip leaves from a branch to poke into ant hills -- versus the raven, which is the undisputed brainiest of the birds.). One of her early chance to come close to the chimpanzees came when she realized that one male was eyeing a banana that she had on a table inside her tent, so that she used it to as an opportunity to study chimpanzees by keeping bananas nearby. (This technique is widely used by Japanese primatologists but is criticized by western primatologists who lament that it's interfering in the normal behavior of the monkeys.) Here, she met Dutch photographer, Hugo van Lawick, in 1964 while he was doing his assignmen for the National Geographics which began documenting Jane's works in 1964. Against Jane's better judgements, Louis also forced her to be allowed to get a Ph. D. in ethology from the Cambridge University in 1965 so that her works will be acceptable in the scientific community which even now pooh-pooh anything that an amateur discovers before they did. And in fact, her Ph.D. adviser, Robert Hinde, also criticized her for giving chimpanzees names, rather than a sterile number and for her anthropomorphizing her animals; meaning that when David was eating the pig and the female chimpanzees held their arms out, Jane said that the females were begging for the meat for example. (It's now more common to attribute such human terms on not only animals but even robots.). Jane and Hugo had a child, Grub, who was raised the way the chimpanzees raised their own babies, including breast-milk in an era when many British women were bottle feeding their babies (which may be why current Britain is full of dumb people, versus its glorious past when so many smart people came out, since those bottles don't contain many nutrients known to be required for the proper development of the brain). Among other discoveries which had much anthropomorphic and hence human qualities, she saw in 1964 one chimpanzee kidnap a baby chimpanzee in order to force the mother and the others to follow in a deliberate plan of action. In 1970, Jane saw the chimpanzees express awe upon coming to a waterfall and then beginning to dance in a fashion reminiscent of native humans. By 1974, she also noted one chimpanzee group fight a splinter group for four years until the splinter group were all killed, except for a few females which were absorbed into the main group, in an era when it was believed that only humans practice such rival wars. By 1975, Jane also noted one female and her daughter chimpanzee kidnap, kill and eat another baby chimpanzee for the next two years until the cannibalistic female died and the daughter chimpanzee by herself was unable to continue with this behavior (There are also many indications that early humans in Europe and US settlers also resorted to cannibalism as mentioned several times at mybookshop.) After Jane divorced Hugo, she married politican Derek Bryceson in 1975 till 1980 when he died from cancer (he apparently didn't use the many well-known cancer fighting herbal remedies which are popular in Africa, of which cancerbush is the current rage in North America and Europe). Among her more recent discoveries, in 1994, she saw one chimpanzee community learning the toolmaking techniques of another chimpanzee community. By 1995, she also saw chimpanzees treating internal parasites by chewing on the Aspilia plant (Actually, that's one of the Euro-American bias and racism which still prevale when it comes to "discoveries", since the Pacific natives (African natives?) have been doing that since time immemorial; they would intentionally capture and then wound a monkey before releasing it, and then following it to see what plant it goes to in order to treat itself. I couldn't say for certain which native group I have on tape doing it, but it's there somewhere among the thousands of hours in my storage.). Louis told her that it might take her 10 years to study the chimpanzees, but Jane figured that three years will suffice at first, but she's still studying them after all these decades. Among the awards she received includes the Albert Schweitzer Award in 1987 (Albert is mostly unknown in North America except for a few elites and bookworms, but he's commonly known by children in Japan and Europe), the Encyclopaedia Britanica Award in 1989 (well, that encyclopaedia has mostly died, hasn't it?), and the Kyoto Prize for Science in 1990. Incidentally, only humans, chimpanzees and orangutans have empathy, the ability to feel the pain that others feel as a social trait to form cohesion among each other (The Jews in Israel are not showing a whole lot of that toward the Palestinians, despite the pains suffered in the Holocaust.) Update for March 2003: In the Goualougo Triangle between two Central African rivers were recently found chimpanzees which had very little or no contact with humans, as seen by the way they did not try to run away from humans. Dave Morgan and Crickette Sanz of the Wildlife Conservation Society reported it (published in the April 2003 issue of "International Journal of Primatology" under the title: "Naive Encounters with Chimpanzees in the Goualougo Triangle") Jane visited the chimpanzees and was amazed by these innocent -- or "naive" as Dave and Crickette called them -- chimpanzees.

Happy birthday to 1944: Tony Orlando, born as Michael Anthony Orlando Cassivitis in New York City to a Greek father and a Puerto Rican mother, singer best known for the song "Tie a Yellow Ribbon ('round the Old Oak Tree~~~)". (Michael had a kid sister, Rhonda Marie who was mentally retarded whom he cared for until she died in 1977.) Michael's earliest singing career began when he had one of his demo tape listened by Don Kirschner, who teamed him with singer-songwriters Carole King and Gerry Goffin to record their song "Halfway to Paradise" which went to number 39 on the hit chart in 1960. In 1970, he was a general manager for April Blackwood Music when he was asked to record a song, "Candida", which was to be released by a rival company, so he did the song anonymously under the pseudonym of Dawn, and the song went to number 3 on the charts. Telma Hopkins and Joyce Vincent may or may not have sung under "Dawn", but after the next song "Knock Three Times" became a number one song, several groups began claiming to be the group, Dawn, and singing the various songs as theirs. Seeing that it was time to reveal the real Dawn, he quickly organized a group with Telma Hopkins and Joyce Vincent to come out as the real Dawn. And that's how their television show that they're now remembered as first came into being.

Happy birthday to 1961: Eddie Murphy, born in Bushwick, Brooklyn, New York as Edward Regan Murphy, actor in Saturday Night Live, Beverly Hills Cops and many other interesting movies. Edward's father died when he was three years old. He was writing and doing comedy on stage at age 15 and then auditioning for the Saturday Night Live when he was 19 in 1980, doing his sketches as Rascals' Buckwheat and adult Gumby until he left in 1984, but he was already moving out of SNL when he did "48 hours" (1982) with Nick Nolte and "Trading Places" (1983) with Dan Akroyd. "Eddie Murphy Delirious" (1983) wasn't so hot, but his claim to fame came in 1984 with "Beverly Hills Cop" which became the top money maker at the time in three weeks and which grossed over $300 million worldwide. "The Golden Child" (1986) was so-so, but "Beverly Hills Cop II" (1987) was a big hit. "Eddie Murphy Raw" (1987) was so-so in my humble opinion, although it did become one of the biggest concert films in history and the top money maker of 1988 so what do I know? "Coming to America" (1988) sketch was also a hit which was imitated by many other African-American television comedies since then. "Harlem Nights" (1989) that he wrote, produced, directed and starred with Redd Foxx and Richard Pryor was awful. "Another 48 hours" (1990) also didn't make it. "Boomerang" (1992), "The Distinguished Gentleman" (1992), "Beverly Hills Cop III" (1994) and "Vampire in Brooklyn" (1995) were not that big a hit until he did a remake of the Jerry Lewis movie "The Nutty Professor" (1996) which was another huge hit, and you just have to see how those make-up jobs were done, so don't buy the VHS release format (But it did ignore the MD illness that Jerry turned into a MD genius and replaced it with a fat genius who turned svelt and slick, which is more a mockery of fat people than something more honorable). "Metro" (1997) wasn't hot, voicing Disney's "Mulan" (1998) was, something only Disney lovers can appreciate. "Doctor Dolittle" (1998) was a good remake, although it's thanks to computer graphics and special effects which developed since the original version. "Holy Man" (1998), "Life" (1999) and "Bowfinger" (1999) were not very good at all but "Nutty Professor II: The Klumps" (2000) was excellent, grossing $240 million around the world. Voicing for "Shrek" (2001)? It could have been done by someone else with as good a 0result, IMHO. "Doctor Dolittle 2" (2001) and "Pluto Nash" (2001) were not bad, but Edward's style is now and it's possible to see how stories by him will move. It's not meant as a downer but where's the spontaneity that Edward was known for?

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On April 03, 2001 (Since the previous "ambiguous cheering or condemning" was hard to follow -- or so the theme was thought to be -- the theme this time is just "expensive expenditures".)

1856: Gunpowder stored by the Turks in the basement of the Palace of the Grand Master explodes, killing 4,000 people in the Rhodes island ("Rhodos" in Greek), Greece, which is said to be the most beautiful place in all of Mediterranean -- but you know it as the island which had the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the original Seven Wonders of the World, and a few people may know that this is also where Lindios Kleovoulos was born in the 6th century BC, one of the seven wise men of the world, back then. Rhodes has been inhabited for 2,400 years according to the archeological remains in the region. It began to prosper when Tlipolemos brought the Dorians here in the 11th century BC. Ancient Greece was a large number of cities, each of which were very tiny kingdoms unto themselves. Rhodes island contained three such tiny kingdoms; Ialysos, Kamiros and Lindos. In 408 BC, they united into one with the capital at Rhodes. It's main ally was Egypt's Ptolemy I. In 305 BC, the Macedonians under the Antigonid Dynasty (ruled 306 BC to 168 BC) attacked the Rhodes island, but could not go into the city. In 304 BC, the Rhodians and the Macedonians concluded a peace treaty, and the Macedonaisn left behind all the military hardwares on the island. To celebrate, the Rhodians sold the hardwares and used the money to make a huge (33 meters tall or 110 feet) bronze statue dedicated to their Sun god, Helios, as made by Chares of Lindos. The base was made oof white marble and it had an iron and stoone framework upon which the bronze skin was placed. (In order to make the top part of the statue, dirt was piled up around the statue so that the workers always worked at the "ground-level" and then the dirt was removed. And I for one insist that this is the technique used in Egypt to make the great pyramids and the sphinx; as the pyramids/sphinx became taller, they just piled sand around it so that the workers were always working at the "ground-level". That's why all the pyramids and the sphinx were found buried in sand when they were unearthed, and all the sands around them were removed by current archeologists who then had the audacity to speculate how they were built.) The inscription at the base of the Colossus said "To you, oh Sun, the people of Dorian Rhodes set up this bronze statue reaching to Olympus when they had pacified the waves of war and crowned their city with the spoils taken from the enemy. Not only over the seas, but also on land did they kindle the lovely torch of freedom." It took 12 years to make until 282 BC. (My Batman comic in which Batman went back to the past in a time machine has the Colossus standing at the entrance to the Mandraki harbor with the ships passing between his legs to enter the Mandraki city, but that's a popular misconception and is in the wrong location.). The statue remained until 226 BC when an earthquake destroyed the city, and the statue was broken at its knee. By then, Egypt's Ptolemy III was its pharaoh, and he offered to pay the cost of restoring the Colossus to its former position, but an oracle predicted bad omen if it was repaired, so it remained where it fell. (If the statue had straddled at the mouth of the harbor, it would have blocked all ships from entering and leaving the harbor. So it was either on the east side of the harbor entrance or more closer to land.) The Arabians succeeded in conquering Rhodes in 654 AD and sold the remains to a Syrian Jew who carried it off to Syria on 900 camels. In 1246, the Jenuits conquered the island and sold it to the Battalion of St. John in 1309. The Grand Master was the head of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem of this Battalion from eight countries who in turn built the Palace of the Grand Master on the site of the Byzantine fortress which was built here in the 7th century. At that time, the city of Rhodes (actually a "town" by current population reckoning) was divided into two; the northern part of the city is where the knights lived, and the southern part of the city is where the Greeks, Franks and the Jews lived. This is where the Kastello was made, a castle within a castle. Then the Turks conquered the island in 1522 and eventually used the castle basement to store gunpowder, and hence "boom" when it exploded on this chat date. Then the Italians conquered the island in 1912, and they hired Mesturino to restore the castle following the original design so that either the Italian King Vittorio Emmanuele II or Mussolini can live here. While the castle was rebuilt and restored with all of its original beauty in 1939, Italy soon lost the war, and the island of Rhodes then went back to Greece in 1948. The Palace was then restored further in 1988 for the European Economic Community Summit Meeting of 1988. And then an exhibition was held in the Palace in 1993 to celebrate the 2,400th anniversary of the founding of the Rhodes city. The exhibit included the potteries and parts of the water conduits made of clay, flooring, mortars, coins, glass containers, jewelleries, children's toys and obviously the speculative drawings of what the original Colossus of Rhodes may have looked like. Incidentally, the Colossus of Rhodes was the inspiration for the Statue of Liberty which is now in New York... and come to think of it, it also has a stone base with an iron framework and is covered in copper skin as well.

1936: Shortest boxing boxing match without gloves took place in New Haven, Connecticut. Al Carr knocked out Lew Massey just seven seconds after it began with Lew out cold. But it's in the record as lasting all of 10 seconds. It didn't make any money, so it was a big loss for the fight promoters.

1948: Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan (named in honor of Secretary of State George C. Marshall.). On April 12, 1945, US president Franklin D. Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage, propelling Vice President Harry S. Truman into the seat of the presidency the same day. At the time, European factories were in ruin, the farms were covered in craters and not producing food, inflation was rampant, people who were alive were starving. Meanwhile, US was having a bonanza of a time in sharp contrast to the dire situation it was in before the war. None of its factories were destroyed and all of its farms were making all the food which was fetching high prices in Europe and if there were more people they could have made more products which they could have sold. US had already contributed most of the $4 billions which was handed out by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration from 1943 to 1947, and although a dollar was a lot of money back then, it wasn't enough to help Europe recover. Conditions were so bad that in countries such as France and Italy were starting to listen to its Communist political candidates who were promising them jobs for all, and all the necessities to get back on their feet. By February 1947, war-torn Britain announced that it could no longer help keep Communism out of Greece. As a result, Harry announced the Truman Doctrine on March 12, 1947 to prevent the Communists from overrunning Greece and Turkey. And following on this came a plan to reconstruct Western Europe which was named after General George Catlett Marshall (Born on December 31, 1880 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania. Out of Virginia Military Institute in 1901, second lieutenant in February 1902, fist lieutenant i March 1907, inspector-instructor of the Massachusetts National Guard from 1911 to 1912, 13th Infantry in the Philippines from 1913 to 1916 before he became a captain in July 1917, then temporary major in August 1917, lieutenant colonel in January 1918, colonel by August 1918, permanent major by July 1920, head of the 15th infantry in China from 1924 to 1927, brigadier general by October 1936, deputy chief of staff from 1938 to 1939, acting chief from July 1939 to September 1939, major general and then general by September 1939, chief of staff of US army from September 1939 to November 1945, temporary general of the army from December 1944, special representative of US president to China from 1945 to 1947 to unsuccessfully get rid of the Communists [now that Japan was no longer in China to keep the Communists in check, as many lower ranking US officers griped], retired February 1947, secretary of state from January 21, 1947 to January 21, 1949, active service in March 1949, secretary of defense from September 12, 1950 to September 12, 1951, Nobel Peace prize for 1953 for the Marshall Plan, dead on October 16, 1959.). And although it's now portrayed as something to prevent Russia from controlling Western Europe by replacing the democratic governments with communist governments, Russia was originally one of the countries where the Marshall Plan's funds were to be distributed to. But upon hearing that Russian financial books must be opened to outside scrutiny, Russia refused the aid and also ordered its Eastern European countries to refuse the money... which was a relief for US, since helping the Communist Russia and its related countries get back on its feet would have been extraordinarily expensive and harder to get the bill passed in Congress. By December 1948, Democrat Harry asked the Republican dominated Congress for $17 billion, which would be something in the range of $400 billion or more now. With the help of Paul Hoffman of the Studabaker Corporation, Arthur Vandenberg of Michigan and other Republicans backing this Plan, the European Recovery Act (ERP) was passed by US Congress on this chat date. From 1948 to 1951, $13,348,800,000 was allocated for ERP, increasing production and hence providing jobs in Western Europe. And with Western Europe becoming wealthier, they bought 50% more US products by 1952, helping enrich US even more.

1965: First US uranium-235 powered spacecraft, SNAP (Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power) 10A was launched from Vandenberg AFB, California. It was shut-down after only 43 days when the 500 watts reactor failed. It was then boosted into an orbit which should take 4,000 years to decay, by which time the radiation will decay to safe levels (Not. But then who cares what happens 4,000 years from now when all the current politicians will be dead and can't be held responsible for anything which happens in the future?) The spacecraft has been monitored since then and has been found to be breaking apart since 1979. But how much uranium it had, what happens if the break-up continues, how much it cost and other informations were all information buried somewhere in the bureaucracy.

1987: Duchess of Windsors jewels were auctioned in Geneva for 31,380,197 pounds or about $50.3 million. A red leather box which Edward VIII received his official dispatches and with the word "The King" on it which was estimated to fetch $15,000 went for $65,750. On the other hand, the auction house receives 15% of that up to $50,000 and 10% on anything above that. The money goes to charity, except for what the auction house earns.

On April 03, 2000 (Did you get the impression that mybookshop supports women's lib? Not at all. mybookshop is for peaceful, harmonious co-existence with tolerance for others. mybookshop is against terrorism and acts of wanton violence for the sake of gaining publicity. Which all goes to show you that sometimes things which happen in history is ambiguous and you can't tell if you should be cheering them or condemning them. Confused? You'll see what I mean, in an entertaining way.)

1913: British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was sentenced to three years in jail for her radical and destructive behavior, only to be released when she went on a hunger strike, and then arrested and imprisoned again when she recovered (The "Cat and Mouse" act, whereby prisoners are released temporarily when their health is threatened, and then rearrested when their health improves.) She underwent this hunger and release pattern -- on the average -- every month for 12 months. Emmeline Pankhurst was born in Manchester in 1858. Her father, Robert Goulden was a radical in his time who was against slavery and the Corn Law, while her mother, Sophia Crane, was also an equally ardent feminist of the time who took Emmeline to various women's suffrage meetings (now called women's lib or feminist meetings) After Emmeline came back from finishing school in Paris, she met the lawyer, Richard Pankhurst, in 1878. Richard was a strong advocate of women's suffrage who amended the Municipal Franchise Act of 1869 which allowed unmarried women to vote. Even though he was 44 and she was only 20, her father gave permission for them to marry. While Richard died of a perforated ulcer in 1898, Emmeline carried their work on her own, along with the four children they had. Having become disillusioned by the regular women's suffrage groups, she formed her own in 1903, called the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU). At first, the media was giving her all the publicity she needed to find and solicit benefactors who paid well to support her cause. But by 1905, the media lost interest and her group was floundering. The turning point came on October 13, 1905, when two of her children, Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney, went to a speech given by a British minister, Sir Edward Grey. While Edward was speaking, the two daughters began to harass him by repeatedly shouting "Will the Liberal Government give votes to women?". When a policeman was called in, the two women began to kick and spit on him, leading to their arrest and subsequent fine of five shillings each. It was just a legal slap on the hand, but they refused to pay the fine and were sent to jail. This violence put the two women and hence Emmeline back into center-stage with all the free publicity again. Other women also realized that violence was the way to gain all the publicity and copied it. By July 1912, Christabel's gang began burning down homes of men (and assumedly, their wives and children as well) who opposed giving vote to women. By 1913, the WSPU was torching railway stations, racecourse and other public locations, as well as cutting telephone wires and other acts of vandalism which entertained the media by feeding them interesting things to write about. While Emmeline -- the mother -- wanted to give the vote for all working women, Christabel -- the daughter -- wanted to give the vote to only wealthy women, because it was the wealthy women who were supporting the WSPU movement. (You can see why the current anti-abortionists, animal right groups, Arab terrorists, Pakistan separatists and so on kill people and destroy properties, because they know from history books that the media will provide them with free publicity if they use excessive violence, and hence provides them with funds from wealthy people who are willing to finance death and destruction.) In August 4, 1914, when England declared war on Germany, the WSPU stopped its violence and by August 10, 1914, the British government announced that it was releasing all suffragettes from prison. As men began to join the army and leave jobs unfulfilled, these women demanded that they be given the jobs vacated by the men. Now that their vitriol words were directed at an external enemy, the Germans, the suffrage movement was gaining general public support. At the same time, the suffragettes also directed their vitriol words against anti-war and anti-violence men-of-peace, calling them "more German than the Germans". Those British politicians who tried to look for a diplomatic and hence peaceful solution to end the war were blasted as spies working for the Germans. While demanding equal pay for equal work, they also advocated witch-hunts for anyone with Germanic blood who worked in the British government. By 1918, they got the vote and various consessions which they sought. And also set the example for all the current terrorist tactics, by telling them that violence equals publicity, and publicity leads to financial support from wealthy people, and financial support allows them the means to purchase even more violence. Hence death and suffering is used as entertainment.

Happy birthday to 1934: Jane van Lawick-Goodall (her husband is Hugo van Lawick) of London, England, ethologist who was encouraged by Richard Leakey to study chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream Game Reserve in Tanzania where a 100 chimpanzees live. Richard wanted the chimpanzees studied because their DNA differ from human by only one to two percent (But only if you ignore the translocation and other changes in the relative positions of the genes next to each other and in different strands of DNA. If you just take a look at the chromosomes as a whole, you really don't see much similarity between human and chimpanzee DNA.) Jane turned the world of chimpanzees upside down by revealing that they're not herbivores as was believed, and that they will eat other animals (one chimpanzee may act strange to distract and hence "entertain" a monkey while a second chimpanzee sneaks-up behind the monkey to kill it.) Jane also found that the chimpanzees will even fashion branches into crude tools. While her study of the chimpanzees increased the scientific understanding of chimpanzees, the National Geographic images of her playing with the chimpanzees have encouraged rich, spoiled, sadistic brats into demanding their equally sadistic, rich parents into buying them baby chimpanzees. To meet that demand for baby chimpanzees, the parent chimpanzees who fericiously defend their babies are killed by poachers. Since the baby chimpanzees are shipped in steamy, suffocating boxes in slow ships from Africa to North America, up to a half to 2/3 of the baby chimpanzees then die before the rich brats get them, resulting in the death of 10 to 20 chimpanzees for each baby chimpanzee which survive. Once the chimpanzees grow up and become unmanageable, they are shoved down the throats of already financially-strapped zoos. All in all, at least chimpanzees used in medical experiments are governed by strict rules on animal husbandry and proper care, and may even contribute towards the cure or prevention of some disease, but these entertainment chimpanzees in homes are governed by no rule whatsoever, the animal right groups don't even try to show sympathy towards them and they face an uncertain future which is likely abandonment.

Happy birthday to 1942: Wayne Newton (real name Carson Wayne Newton), Virginia of Cherokee and Powhatan Indian heritage. While other entertainers may stay a week or two at Las Vegas before they have to move on, he was able to remain six months out of a year due to his multiple talents and it also made him the highest paid nightclub performer in Las Vegas history. While he was very successful financially, he made business mistakes which led him to declare bankruptcy in 1992. Now he's recovering, along with a new wife to entertain him... But that doesn't sound very controversial or ambiguous, because the theme wasn't ambiguity, but "entertainment" (after all, if the mass-media couldn't entertain its readers/viewers by writing/talking about violent terrorists, then the mass-media will ignore them and removes the very reason for inciting terrorism to begin with.).

RIP to 1996: Ron Brown. The US secretary of Commerce was among the 29 passengers and six crew aboard Air Force Boeing 737 which crashed into a mountainside near Croatia's Dubrovnik airport. First of all, Ron wasn't supposed to be on that airplane. Ron was under investigation for illegal fund raising charges, and just minutes before the subpoenas were issued, the White House asked Ron to join the delegation to Croatia. And as it turned out, this airport was not certified as safe by the US air force, and the runway 12 used by Ron's airplane was incorrectly designed. While various magazines attributed the cause of the accident to the severest storm of the decade, there was only light drizzle. The pilot probably relied upon the airport beacon for landing (which incidentally worked well for all other airplanes previous to this airplane), but the airport maintenance chief, Niko Junic, died from a gunshot before he could be interviewed by investigators (it was ruled a suicide). And even though there was a war in Croatia, the investigatores and the White House have ruled out hostile fire before they even went to the site to begin their investigation. Many other discrepancies abound behind his death to entertain and titillate the media. As for Ron himself, you may remember Ron as the one who overrode objections from CIA and other departments to sell high-tech equipments which were used by the communist Chinese military. But should this be a day to celebrate or mourn? It's usually reported that the Iraqi military equipments were rendered useless when the US activated virus codes in their western equipments, so there is always a possibility that those high-tech equipments which Ron overrode to shove down the throat of the Chinese military were forced upon them to ensure that the US supplied them with trojan horses... for that sea-war in the year 2010? (Remember that US naval simulation?)

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